Investigation was carried out from 1976 to 1979 to establish a new control system against the houseflies,Musca domestica, at a sea-filling waste disposal site in Osaka Bay, Japan.
Field surveys showed that the garbage was favorble for the fly breeding for 20–30 days after being disposed, while the sewage sludge and the ash from incinerated refuse were unfavorable. Comparing the fly density at the site to the reported cases of the public complaints in the urban area near to the site, a complaint threshold density of the flies at the site was estimated. Then, a control threshold density was assumed from the complaint threshold density and the reproductive rate of the housefly population. Several insecticides, as well as a surface active agent, polyoxyethylene lauryl ether (PEL), were found effective for the temporary suppression of the fly density.
Based on the results obtained, the following control system was worked out. 1) Refuse is disposed onto the same area as other inorganic wastes to deteriorate the capacity of breeding sources. 2) The fly density is examined on newly disposed refuse almost everyday by landfill operators. 3) PEL is sprayed when the density slightly exceeds the control threshold density. If the density increases rather higher, insecticide should be used. 4) The disposed refuse is covered with soil or other inorganic wastes on every weekend or every other weekend by 15 cm thickness.
Success in both fly control and reduction of the amounts of insecticides sprayed was achieved by a field application of this new control system.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Eastwood, R. E., J. M. Kada R. B. Schoenburg andH. W. Brydon (1967) Investigation on fly control by composting poultry manures.J. Econ. Entomol. 60: 88–98.
Hafez, M. (1941) A study of the biology of the egyptian common house-fly:Musca vicina Macq. (Diptera: Muscidae).Bull. Soc. Fouad Entomol. 25: 163–189.
Hayashi, A., E. Funaki, M. Fuzimagari, R. Kano andK. Nomura (1977) The resistant level of the housefly to several synthetic insecticides in west of Kanto and Kyushu, Japan,Botyu-Kagaku 42: 198–203.
Hirakoso, S. (1962) Some observations on the evaluating methods of house fly population.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 13: 70–82.
Imai, C. (1979) Influence of temperature on the development of Hokko colony and Takatsuki strain of the housefly,Musca domestica.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 30: 173–179.
Imai, C. (1984a) Development and loss of insecticide resistance in the housefliesMusca domestica, at a waste disposal site in relation to insecticide application.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 35: 225–231.
Imai, C. (1984b) Population dynamics of houseflies,Musca domestica, on experimentally accumulated refuse.Res. Popul. Ecol. 27: 353–362.
Imai, C. andK. Takamizawa (1979) Insecticidal effect of polyoxyethylene lauryl, ether on the housefly,Musca domestica.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 30: 211–216.
Ishii, T. andA. Kawahata (1971) Emergence of flies at soil-covered lots in a dump in Kyoto City.Ann. Rept. Kyoto Pref. Inst. Pub. Hlth 16: 63–69.
Keiding, J. (1974) Houseflies,Musca domestica. 5–30. InR. Pal andR. H. Wharton (eds)Control of arthropods of medical and veterinary importance. Plenum, New York and London.
Keiding, J. (1977) Resistance in the housefly in Denmark and elsewhere. 261–203. InD. L. Watson andA. W. A. Brown (eds)Pesticide management and insecticide resistance. Academic Press, London and New York.
Ogata, K. (1960) Seasonal change of the fly fauna in a dwelling house in Kawasaki City.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 11: 17–21.
Pagano, S. (1964) Sanitary landfill operations in New York State.Pub. Hlth Rep. 79: 543–548.
Suenaga, O. (1958) Ecological studies of flies. 1. On the amount of larvae of housefly and stablefly breeding out from animal manure.Nagasaki Medical Journal 33: 124–133.
West, L. S. (1951)The housefly. Comstock, New York.
Yosutomi, K. (1966) Insecticide resistance of houseflies outbroken at the dumping site, Yumenoshimaisland, Tokyo.Jap. J. Saint. Zool. 17: 71–73.
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
Imai, C. A new method to control houseflies,Musca domestica, at waste disposal sites. Res Popul Ecol 27, 111–123 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02515484
- Sewage Sludge
- Musca Domestica
- Waste Disposal Site