Researches on Population Ecology

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 111–123 | Cite as

A new method to control houseflies,Musca domestica, at waste disposal sites

  • Chobei Imai


Investigation was carried out from 1976 to 1979 to establish a new control system against the houseflies,Musca domestica, at a sea-filling waste disposal site in Osaka Bay, Japan.

Field surveys showed that the garbage was favorble for the fly breeding for 20–30 days after being disposed, while the sewage sludge and the ash from incinerated refuse were unfavorable. Comparing the fly density at the site to the reported cases of the public complaints in the urban area near to the site, a complaint threshold density of the flies at the site was estimated. Then, a control threshold density was assumed from the complaint threshold density and the reproductive rate of the housefly population. Several insecticides, as well as a surface active agent, polyoxyethylene lauryl ether (PEL), were found effective for the temporary suppression of the fly density.

Based on the results obtained, the following control system was worked out. 1) Refuse is disposed onto the same area as other inorganic wastes to deteriorate the capacity of breeding sources. 2) The fly density is examined on newly disposed refuse almost everyday by landfill operators. 3) PEL is sprayed when the density slightly exceeds the control threshold density. If the density increases rather higher, insecticide should be used. 4) The disposed refuse is covered with soil or other inorganic wastes on every weekend or every other weekend by 15 cm thickness.

Success in both fly control and reduction of the amounts of insecticides sprayed was achieved by a field application of this new control system.


Sewage Sludge Dichlorvos Fenitrothion Musca Domestica Waste Disposal Site 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Eastwood, R. E., J. M. Kada R. B. Schoenburg andH. W. Brydon (1967) Investigation on fly control by composting poultry manures.J. Econ. Entomol. 60: 88–98.Google Scholar
  2. Hafez, M. (1941) A study of the biology of the egyptian common house-fly:Musca vicina Macq. (Diptera: Muscidae).Bull. Soc. Fouad Entomol. 25: 163–189.Google Scholar
  3. Hayashi, A., E. Funaki, M. Fuzimagari, R. Kano andK. Nomura (1977) The resistant level of the housefly to several synthetic insecticides in west of Kanto and Kyushu, Japan,Botyu-Kagaku 42: 198–203.Google Scholar
  4. Hirakoso, S. (1962) Some observations on the evaluating methods of house fly population.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 13: 70–82.Google Scholar
  5. Imai, C. (1979) Influence of temperature on the development of Hokko colony and Takatsuki strain of the housefly,Musca domestica.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 30: 173–179.Google Scholar
  6. Imai, C. (1984a) Development and loss of insecticide resistance in the housefliesMusca domestica, at a waste disposal site in relation to insecticide application.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 35: 225–231.Google Scholar
  7. Imai, C. (1984b) Population dynamics of houseflies,Musca domestica, on experimentally accumulated refuse.Res. Popul. Ecol. 27: 353–362.Google Scholar
  8. Imai, C. andK. Takamizawa (1979) Insecticidal effect of polyoxyethylene lauryl, ether on the housefly,Musca domestica.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 30: 211–216.Google Scholar
  9. Ishii, T. andA. Kawahata (1971) Emergence of flies at soil-covered lots in a dump in Kyoto City.Ann. Rept. Kyoto Pref. Inst. Pub. Hlth 16: 63–69.Google Scholar
  10. Keiding, J. (1974) Houseflies,Musca domestica. 5–30. InR. Pal andR. H. Wharton (eds)Control of arthropods of medical and veterinary importance. Plenum, New York and London.Google Scholar
  11. Keiding, J. (1977) Resistance in the housefly in Denmark and elsewhere. 261–203. InD. L. Watson andA. W. A. Brown (eds)Pesticide management and insecticide resistance. Academic Press, London and New York.Google Scholar
  12. Ogata, K. (1960) Seasonal change of the fly fauna in a dwelling house in Kawasaki City.Jap. J. Sanit. Zool. 11: 17–21.Google Scholar
  13. Pagano, S. (1964) Sanitary landfill operations in New York State.Pub. Hlth Rep. 79: 543–548.Google Scholar
  14. Suenaga, O. (1958) Ecological studies of flies. 1. On the amount of larvae of housefly and stablefly breeding out from animal manure.Nagasaki Medical Journal 33: 124–133.Google Scholar
  15. West, L. S. (1951)The housefly. Comstock, New York.Google Scholar
  16. Yosutomi, K. (1966) Insecticide resistance of houseflies outbroken at the dumping site, Yumenoshimaisland, Tokyo.Jap. J. Saint. Zool. 17: 71–73.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Population Ecology 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chobei Imai
    • 1
  1. 1.Osaka City Institute of Public Health and Environmental SciencesOsakaJapan

Personalised recommendations