A new method to control houseflies,Musca domestica, at waste disposal sites
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Investigation was carried out from 1976 to 1979 to establish a new control system against the houseflies,Musca domestica, at a sea-filling waste disposal site in Osaka Bay, Japan.
Field surveys showed that the garbage was favorble for the fly breeding for 20–30 days after being disposed, while the sewage sludge and the ash from incinerated refuse were unfavorable. Comparing the fly density at the site to the reported cases of the public complaints in the urban area near to the site, a complaint threshold density of the flies at the site was estimated. Then, a control threshold density was assumed from the complaint threshold density and the reproductive rate of the housefly population. Several insecticides, as well as a surface active agent, polyoxyethylene lauryl ether (PEL), were found effective for the temporary suppression of the fly density.
Based on the results obtained, the following control system was worked out. 1) Refuse is disposed onto the same area as other inorganic wastes to deteriorate the capacity of breeding sources. 2) The fly density is examined on newly disposed refuse almost everyday by landfill operators. 3) PEL is sprayed when the density slightly exceeds the control threshold density. If the density increases rather higher, insecticide should be used. 4) The disposed refuse is covered with soil or other inorganic wastes on every weekend or every other weekend by 15 cm thickness.
Success in both fly control and reduction of the amounts of insecticides sprayed was achieved by a field application of this new control system.
KeywordsSewage Sludge Dichlorvos Fenitrothion Musca Domestica Waste Disposal Site
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