Advertisement

Researches on Population Ecology

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 91–107 | Cite as

Combining methods of insect pest control: Partitioning mortality and predicting complementarity

  • Hugh J. Barclay
Article

Summary

An age-structured population model is used as a vehicle for presenting a method for the analysis of interactions between pairs of insect pest control methods. This analysis is based on partitioning the total mortality acting on a population into its constituent components from all known sources. Pairwise critical mortality curves are then constructed which represent the combined mortality required for eradicating the pest population. Effort curves are then constructed from computing the mortality resulting from a given amount of control effort. The convolution of the critical mortality curves and the effort curves then yields the isoclines formed by the effort required of two control methods in combination to achieve eradication. This analysis allows the prediction of either synergism or interference between the control methods and also helps explain patterns observed in previous modelling of such combinations of pest control methods.

Keywords

model insect pest control mortality parasitoid 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Barclay, H. J. (1984) Pheromone trapping models for pest control: effects of mating patterns and immigration.Res. Popul. Ecol. 26: 303–311.Google Scholar
  2. Barclay, H. J. (1986) Models of host-parasitoid interactions to determine the optimal instar of parasitization for pest control.Natural Resource Modeling 1: 81–103.Google Scholar
  3. Barclay, H. J. (1987a) Models for pest control: complementary effects of periodic releases of sterile pests and parasitoids.Theor. Popul. Biol. 32: 76–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barclay, H. J. (1987b) Combining methods of pest control: complementarity of methods and a guiding principle.Natural Resource Modeling 2: 299–323.Google Scholar
  5. Barclay, H. J. (1988) Models for combining methods of pest control: food-baited and pheromone-baited traps containing either insecticide or chemosterilant.Bull. Entomol. Res. 78: 573–590.Google Scholar
  6. Barclay, H. J. and G. E. Haniotakis (1991) Combining pheromone-baited and food-baited traps for insect pest control: Effects of developmental period.Res. Popul. Ecol. 33: 269–285.Google Scholar
  7. Barclay, H. J. and Chao Li (1991) Combining methods of pest control: minimizing cost during the control program.Theor. Popul. Biol. 40: 105–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Barclay, H. J. and P. van den Driessche (1989) Pest control models of combinations of sterile releases and trapping.Insect Sci. Applic. 10: 107–116.Google Scholar
  9. Elint, M. L. and R. van den Bosch (1981)Introduction to Integrated Pest Management. Plenum Press, New York, 240 pp.Google Scholar
  10. Haniotakis, G. E. and A. Vassiliou-Waite (1987) Effect of combining food and sex attractants on the capture ofDacus oleae flies,Entomologia Hellenica 5:27–33.Google Scholar
  11. Hassell, M. P. (1978)The Dynamics of Arthropod Predator-Prey Systems. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, N.J.Google Scholar
  12. Hassell, M. P. and G. C. Varley (1969) New inductive population model for insect parasities and its bearing on biological control.Nature 223: 1133–1136.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hoskins, W. M. and R. Craig (1962) Uses of bioassay in entomology.Annual Review of Entomology 7: 437–464.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hull, L. A., E. H. Beers and R. L. Meagher, Jr. (1985) Integration of biological and chemical tactics for apple pests through selective timing and choice of synthetic pyrethroid insecticides.J. Econ. Entomol. 78: 714–721.Google Scholar
  15. Knipling, E. F. (1979)The Basic Principles of Insect Population Suppression and Management. USDA Agriculture Handbook No. 512, Washington, D. C.Google Scholar
  16. Morris, R. F. (1957) The interpretation of mortality data in studies on population dynamics.Can. Entomol. 89: 49–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Morris, R. F. (1965) Contemporaneous mortality factors in population dynamics.Can. Entomol. 97: 1173–1184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nicholson, A. J. and V. A. Bailey (1935) The balance of animal populations.Part 1. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. 1935: 551–598.Google Scholar
  19. Royama, T. (1981) Evaluation of mortality factors in insect life table analysis.Ecol Monogr. 51: 495–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Williamson, D. L., D. A. Dame, D. B. Gates, P. E. Cobb, B. Bakuli and P. V. Warner (1983) Integration of insect sterility and insecticides for control ofGlossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae) in Tanzania. V. The impact of sequential releases of sterilized tsetse flies.Bull. Entomol. Res. 73: 391–404.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Population Ecology 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugh J. Barclay
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Pacific Forestry CentreVictoriaCanada
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

Personalised recommendations