Real-time extraction of tissue impedance model parameters for electrical impedance spectrometer



This paper presents a new algorithm for real-time extraction of tissue electrical impedance model parameters from in vivo electrical impedance spectroscopic measurements. This algorithm was developed as a part of a system for muscle tissue ischemia measurements using electrical impedance spectroscopy. An iterative least square fitting method, biased with a priori knowledge of the impedance model was developed. It simultaneously uses both the real and imaginary impedance spectra to calculate tissue parameters R0, R, α and τ. The algorithm was tested with simulated data, and during real-time in vivo ischemia experiments. Experimental results were achieved with standard deviations of\(\sigma _{R_0 } = 0.80\% , \sigma _{R_\infty } = 0.84\% \), σα=0.72%, and στ=1.26%. On a Pentium II based PC, the algorithm converges to within 0.1% of the results in 17 ms. The results show that the algorithm possesses excellent parameter extraction capabilities, repeatability, speed and noise rejection.


Impedance Spectroscopy Parametric modelling 


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Copyright information

© IFMBE 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biomedical Engineering DepartmentWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.Department of Plastic SurgeryUniversity of Massachusetts Medical CenterNorth WorcesterUSA

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