Parametric phase-delay estimation of sound transmitted through intact human lung

  • S. Lu
  • P. C. Doerschuk
  • G. R. Wodicka
Physiological Measurement


Sonic noise between 300 and 1600 Hz is introduced into the mouths of 11 healthy adult male subjects at resting lung volume and is detected over the anterior extrathoracic trachea and at three sites on the right posterior chest wall. To overcome the difficulties associated with non-parametric phase unwrapping due to thoracic anti-resonances, the pahse delay τ(f) of propagation between the trachea and the chest wall is estimated using a linear parametric ARX-type statistical model with the non-parametric magnitude spectra as a guide. The resulting τ(f) estimates are unambiguous and reliable, and show a clear trend of decreasing τ(f) with increasing frequency, indicating that sound at higher frequencies reaches the chest wall faster than that at lower frequencies. This finding indicates that respiratory sound transmission is highly dispersive, most probably owing to frequencydependent airway and parenchymal wavespeeds.

Key words

Acoustic transmission Lung sounds Parametric modelling Phase delay Respiratory sounds 


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Copyright information

© IFMBE 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Lu
    • 1
  • P. C. Doerschuk
    • 1
  • G. R. Wodicka
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Electrical Engineering and Hillenbrand Biomedical Engineering CenterPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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