, 105:50 | Cite as

The diplochromosome of endoreduplicated cells: A new approach to highlight the mechanism of sister chromatid exchange

  • R. Meschini
  • R. Bastianelli
  • F. Palitti


Chinese hamster lung embryonic cells (CL1) were treated with colchicine in order to induce endoreduplication and subsequently with mitomycin-C (MMC) to induce exchanges within the diplochromosome. The use of chromosomal differential staining through incorporation of 5-bromodeoxyuridine, resulting in only one stained chromatid, has allowed the analysis of all classes of exchanges among the four chromatids of the diplochromosome. Three classes of exchanges may occur: intradiplochromatid exchanges (ICEs) between the two inner chromatids, cousin chromatid exchanges (CCEs) between one inner and one outer chromatid, and sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) between the two sister chromatids of the diplochromosome. The results show that MMC treatment, in the last cell cycle of endoreduplication, as expected, significantly increases only the frequency of SCEs, whereas the frequency of ICEs and CCEs remains unchanged. This result supports replication models of formation of SCEs. Furthermore the fact that the number of ICEs does not increase means that the molecular mechanism of somatic crossing over is not related to that of SCE formation, or very rarely. The results also indicate a statistically significant lower induction of SCEs in endoreduplicated metaphases as compared with diploid ones both in control and MMC-treated cells. Such a result may be due to structural restrictions within the diplochromosome.


Colchicine Sister Chromatid Replication Fork Sister Chromatid Exchange Chinese Hamster Cell 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Meschini
    • 1
  • R. Bastianelli
    • 1
  • F. Palitti
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agrobiology and AgrochemistryUniversity of TusciaViterboItaly

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