Il Nuovo Cimento C

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 101–106 | Cite as

Constraints on the dynamical and chemical theories of the «Ozone Hole»

  • G. Visconti
  • M. Verdecchia
  • G. Pitari
Note Brevi


We report calculation results which could impose some constraints for the proposed chemical and dynamical theories on the ozone hole. One set of calculations is about the consistency between the observed optical thickness of polar stratospheric clouds (PSC) and the surface required for the heterogeneous reactions by the chemical theories. Assuming a reaction rate for ClNO3+H2O we find the sticking coefficient to be larger than 0.1 for consistency with observed PSC extinctions. The other set of calculations is about the perturbation to the residual circulation due to the presence of additional heating produced by PSCs. The perturbed residual circulation is of the opposite sign (i.e. downward) with respect to that necessary for the dynamical generation of an ozone hole.

PACS 92.60



Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    K. K. Tung, M. K. W. Ko, J. M. Rodriguez andN. D. Sze:Nature (London),322, 808 (1986).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    J. D. Mahlman andS. B. Fels:Geophys. Rev. Lett.,13, 1316 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    S. Solomon, R. R. Garcia, F. S. Rowland andD. Wuebbles:Nature (London),321, 755 (1986).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    M. B. McElroy, R. J. Salawitch, S. C. Wofsy andJ. A. Logan:Nature (London),321, 759 (1986).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    J. G. Anderson, W. H. Brune andM. H. Proffitt:J. Geophys. Res.,94, 11456 (1989).ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    O. B. Toon, P. Hamill, R. P. Turco andJ. Pinto:Geophys. Res. Lett.,13, 1284 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    G. Y. Shi, W. C. Wang, M. K. W. Ko andM. Tanaka:Geophys. Res. Lett.,13, 1335 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    J. E. Rosenfeld andM. R. Schoeberl:Geophys. Res. Lett.,13, 1339 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    B. G. Heikes andA. M. Thompson:J. Geophys. Res.,88, 10883 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    J. M. Rodriguez, M. K. W. Ko andN. D. Sze:Geophys. Res. Lett.,13, 1292 (1986).ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    M. J. Rossi, R. Malhotra andD. Golden:Geophys. Res. Lett.,14, 127 (1987).ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    M. A. Tolbert, M. J. Rossi andD. M. Golden:Science,240, 1018 (1988).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    M. J. Molina, T. L. Tso, L. T. Molina andF. C. Y. Wang:Science,238, 1253 (1987).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    M. T. Leu:Geophys. Res. Lett.,15, 7 (1988).ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    G. Pitari, M. Verdecchia andG. Visconti:J. Geophys. Res.,92, 10961 (1987).ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    J.B. Pollack andC. P. McKay:J. Atmos. Sci.,42, 245 (1985).CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Visconti
    • 1
  • M. Verdecchia
    • 1
  • G. Pitari
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Università degli Studi dell'AquilaL'AquilaItalia

Personalised recommendations