Environmental management of acid water problems in mining areas
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Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) originates from the oxidation and leaching of sulphide minerals present in coal and metalliferrous ore bodies and gives rise to several environmental degradation problems. An investigation has been carried out to combat the acidic water problems.
Results of this investigation indicate that application of anionic surfactant (sodium lauryl sulphate) and food preservatives (sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate) effectively abate the acid formation at low concentration levels (15–40 ppm) as tested in laboratory as well as at pilot-scale levels. Acidity, sulphate and iron concentrations are found to reduce by over 70 percent and remained low for more than three months after treatment. Thus this investigation demonstrates the management of these problems in an environmentally safe manner by controlling acid formation at its source.
KeywordsPyrite Acid Mine Drainage Sodium Lauryl Sulphate Pyrite Oxidation Sorbic Acid
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