Advertisement

International journal of mine water

, Volume 9, Issue 1–4, pp 113–131 | Cite as

Environmental management of acid water problems in mining areas

  • Gurdeep Singh
  • Mridula Bhatnagar
  • D. K. Sinha
Article
  • 61 Downloads

Abstract

Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) originates from the oxidation and leaching of sulphide minerals present in coal and metalliferrous ore bodies and gives rise to several environmental degradation problems. An investigation has been carried out to combat the acidic water problems.

Results of this investigation indicate that application of anionic surfactant (sodium lauryl sulphate) and food preservatives (sodium benzoate and potassium sorbate) effectively abate the acid formation at low concentration levels (15–40 ppm) as tested in laboratory as well as at pilot-scale levels. Acidity, sulphate and iron concentrations are found to reduce by over 70 percent and remained low for more than three months after treatment. Thus this investigation demonstrates the management of these problems in an environmentally safe manner by controlling acid formation at its source.

Keywords

Pyrite Acid Mine Drainage Sodium Lauryl Sulphate Pyrite Oxidation Sorbic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    American Public Health Association, 1985, Standard Methods for the Examination of water and wastewater, 16th Edition, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dugan, P.R., 1983, Bacteria and acidic drainage from coal refuse: inhibition by sodium lauryl sulphate and sodium benzoate,Appl. Environ Microbiol; 46 (1); 279–282.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dugan, P.R., 1975, Bacterial ecology of strip mine areas and its relationship to the production of acidic mine drainage,Ohio J. Sci. 75:266–279.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gurdeep Singh and Bhatnagar, Mridula, 1985, Bacterial formation of acid mine drainage: causes and control,J. Scient. Ind. Res., 44: 478–485.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gurdeep Singh and Bhatnagar, Mridula, 1985, Bactericidal control of acid mine drainage,5th Int. Conf. on Chemistry for Protection of the Environment, Leuven (Belgium), Sept. 10–14, 1985.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gurdeep Singh and Bhatnagar, Mridula, 1986, Abatement of acid mine draiange by surfactant application,6th Int. Suymp. on surfactant in solution. New Delhi, August 18–22, 1986.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gurdeep Singh and Bhatnagar, Mridula, 1991, Growth inhibition and leakage of cellular material fromThiobacillus ferrooxidans by organic compoundsJournal of environmental biology (accepted for publication in Jan. 1991.)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kleinmann, R.P.L. 1979. The biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage and a method to control acid formation, Ph.D. thesis. Princton Univ. U.S.A.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Moore, W.A., and Kolbeson, R.A., 1956, Determination of anionic detergents in surface water and sewage with methyl green,Analytical chemistry 28: 161–164.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Onysko, S.J., Kleinmann, R.L.P., and Erickson, P.M. 1984. Ferrous iron oxidation byThiobacillus ferrooxidaus inhibition with benzoic acid, sorbic acid and sodium lauryl sulphateAppl. Environ. Microbiol 40: 229–231.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rawat, N.S., and Gurdeep Singh, 1983, Chemical microbiological and geological aspects of acid mine drainage,J. Scient. Ind. Res., 42: 448–455.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schafa, F., and Salton, M.R.J., 1960, Disaggregation of bacterial cell wall by anionic detergents,J. Gen. Microbiol, 23: 137–141.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tamura, H., Goto, K., Yotsuyanagi, T., and Nagayama, M., 1974, Spectrophotometric determination of iron (II) with 1, 10 phenanthroline in the presence of large amounts of iron (III),Talanta, 21: 314–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gurdeep Singh
    • 1
  • Mridula Bhatnagar
    • 1
  • D. K. Sinha
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre for Mining EnvironmentIndian School of MinesDhanbad

Personalised recommendations