Concomitant placement of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy and jejunostomy
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Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomies have gained wide use for long-term enteral nutrition. However, gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia have occurred following this procedure. Initial enthusiasm concerning the ability of intrajejunal feeding to negate the risk of aspiration has been challenged by some reports.
In this report, a new method is described for concomitant placement of endoscopic gastrostomy and feeding jejunostomy wherein the tip of the feeding jejunostomy is placed at least 40 cm distal to the pylorus while the gastrostomy tube is used for drainage. Twenty critically ill patients underwent the procedure utilizing general or local anesthesia. Sixty-day followup showed one uneventful episode of pulmonary aspiration (5%) after retrograde migration of the jejunal tube into the duodenum. All but two patients (90%) tolerated their tube feedings well. This technique can be easily performed with accurate placement of the PEJ tube distal to the pylorus and is associated with minimal risk of aspiration.
Key words(PEG) Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEJ) Percutaneous endoscopic jejunostomy (NBT) Nasobiliary tube (JFT) Jejunal feeding tube
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