Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 48, Issue 12, pp 2330–2333 | Cite as

The role of tryptophan residues in radiation sensitivity of enzymes as exemplified in horseradish peroxidase

  • T. A. Chubar'
  • M. A. Orlova
  • I. G. Gazaryan
  • V. A. Fechina
  • E. A. Mareeva
  • O. V. Ignatenko
  • P. A. Savitskii
  • A. M. Rozhkova
  • V. I. Tishkov
Chemistry of Natural Compounds and Bioorganic Chemistry
  • 18 Downloads

Abstract

The stability of recombinant wild-type horseradish peroxidase and its tryptophan-less mutant Trp117Phe toward γ-radiation was studied. The absence of tryptophan in the enzyme molecule results in a certain stabilization, which is manifested as the absence of the initial drop in activity and appearance of a lag period for doses of up to 45 Gy. Contrary to the wild-type enzyme, the dose response of the mutant is almost independent of the nature of the substrate used to measure the catalytic activity; this indirectly indicates that Trp117 participates in the oxidation of substrates. Pretreatment of the wild-type recombinant enzyme with hydrogen peroxide destabilizes the enzyme towards irradiation, while the same procedure for the mutant enzyme has virtually no effect on the dose response curve. This suggests the modification of Trp117 in the oxidation of the native enzyme with H2O2 in the absence of electron-donor substrates, which is the modification of Trp171 in the recombinant lignin peroxidase.

Key words

radiation-induced inactivation recombinant horseradish peroxidase mutagenesis Trp117Phe modification hydrogen peroxide 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. A. Chubar'
    • 1
  • M. A. Orlova
    • 1
  • I. G. Gazaryan
    • 1
  • V. A. Fechina
    • 1
  • E. A. Mareeva
    • 1
  • O. V. Ignatenko
    • 1
  • P. A. Savitskii
    • 1
  • A. M. Rozhkova
    • 1
  • V. I. Tishkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryM. V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussian Federation

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