Russian Chemical Bulletin

, Volume 48, Issue 6, pp 1072–1078 | Cite as

Kinetic peculiarities of the reaction of liquefied hydrogen sulfide with propylene oxide

  • A. D. Malievskii
  • L. I. Shokina
Physical Chemistry

Abstract

The kinetics of the liquid-phase reaction of hydrogen sulfide with propylene oxide was studied. In the presence of excess epoxide, the reaction occurred in two successive macrostages: (1) formation of 2-hydroxypropane-1-thiol and (2) formation of 1,1′-di(2-hydroxypropyl) sulfide. Both of the stages are autocatalytic. 2-Hydroxypropane-1-thiol was mainly formed in the presence of excess H2S. The overall third order of the reaction (the first with respect to each reagent and to 2-hydroxypropane-1-thiol) was found. A kinetic scheme was proposed, and the rate constants of particular stages were calculated. The influence of various catalysts (active carbon, ion-exchange resins, metal oxides, and others) was studied, and the relative efficiency of some of them was determined.

Key words

hydrogen sulfide propylene oxide catalysis autocatalysis kinetics rate constants 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. D. Malievskii
    • 1
  • L. I. Shokina
    • 1
  1. 1.N. M. Emanuel' Institute of Biochemical PhysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussian Federation

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