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Dysphagia

, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 83–87 | Cite as

Managing dysphagia in mentally retarded adults

  • Justine Joan Sheppard
Article

Abstract

Mentally retarded adults with dysphagia are a chronically disabled population with high incidence of co-occurring gastrointestinal and respiratory disorders. Their ability to achieve and maintain optimal functional adequacy of swallow is dependent on medical and nutritional management of the disorder, as well as on improving the swallow itself. This paper presents a dysphagia management protocol for this population, which includes screening to identify at risk individuals, diagnostic evaluation of dysphagia, daily management to promote optimal mealtime function, and dysphagia therapy to improve underlying neuromotor competency and eating skills.

Key words

Feeding disorder Mental retardation Nutritional management Handicap, chronic multiple 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Justine Joan Sheppard
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Speech and Language Pathology and Audiology, Teachers CollegeColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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