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Determination of bisphenol-a and related compounds in human saliva by gas chromatography—mass spectrometry


A simple and sensitive method for the determination of trace amounts of bisphenol-A (BPA), bisphenol-A diglycidyl dimethacrylate (bis-GMA), bisphenol-A dimethacrylate (bis-DMA) and triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) in human saliva is proposed. These materials are used in dental restorations, as composites and sealants, and are sometimes detected in human saliva after dental treatment. The proposed method involves protein precipitation using acetonitrile followed by acidification, evaporation of the solvent and dissolution with dichloromethane prior to injection into a GC-MS.

Thermal derivatization in the injection system was used for the identification and quantification of bis-GMA. Clean-up is not necessary using SIM mode. Bisphenol-F (BPF) was used as internal standard. The linear range was 15 to 1000 μg·L−1 for BPA, 50 to 10 000 μg·L−1 for bis-GMA, 50 to 1000 μg·L−1 for bis-DMA and 1 to 100 μg·L−1 for TEGDMA.

The detection limits were 3,15,10 and 0.3 μg·L−1 for BPA, bis-GMA, bis-DMA and TEGD-MA, respectively. Validation of the proposed method was carried out by using the standard addition methodology.

Samples of 10 mL of human saliva collected 1 h after dental treatment were analysed in order to assess the applicability of the method to detect and quantify such compounds originated from methacrylic resins used in odontological treatment.

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Zafra, A., del Olmo, M., Pulgar, R. et al. Determination of bisphenol-a and related compounds in human saliva by gas chromatography—mass spectrometry. Chromatographia 56, 213–218 (2002).

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Key Words

  • Gas chromatography—mass spectrometry
  • Saliva analysis
  • Bisphenol-A and related compounds
  • Triethylenglycol dimethacrylate