The botanical magazine = Shokubutsu-gaku-zasshi

, Volume 100, Issue 3, pp 255–272 | Cite as

Infrageneric variation of the low molecular weight carbohydrate composition of the seeds of the genusVicia (Leguminosae)

  • Takeshi Yasui
  • Yasuhiko Endo
  • Hiroyoshi Ohashi
Article

Abstract

The low molecular weight carbohydrate compositions of the seeds of 29 species ofVicia, namelyV. amoena, V. amurensis, V. bifolia, V. dumetorum, V. fauriei, V. japonica, V. nipponica, V. pisiformis, V. pseudo-orobus, V. sylvatica, V. unijuga, V. venosa, V. cassubica, V. orobus, V. cracca agg.,V. hirsuta, V. villosa agg.,V. tetrasperma,V. oroboides, V. sepium, V. cuspidata, V. grandiflora, V. lathyloides, V. sativa agg.,V. bithynica, V. faba, V. narbonensis, V. hybrida andV. lutea were determined by gas liquid chromatography. The carbohydrate compositions were found to be species-specific. Principal component analysis of the carbohydrate composition data showed that these species can be divided into three groups. Although, as far as the examined species were concerned, these groups were not correlated with the known subgenera, significant correlation between the groups and the known sections was detected in the subgenusVicia. The carbohydrate composition character would be important to clarify the relationships among closely related taxa of the genusVicia.

Key words

Chemotaxonomy Low molecular weight carbohydrates Seeds Vicia 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bell, E.A. andA.S.L. Tirimanna. 1965. Associations of amino acids and related compounds in the seeds of forty-seven species ofVicia: Their taxonomic and nutritional significance. Biochem. J.97: 104–111.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Cerning, J., A. Saposnik andA. Guilbot. 1975. Carbohydrate composition of horse beans (Vicia faba) of different origins. Cereal Chem.52: 125–138.Google Scholar
  3. Duke, J.A. 1981. Handbook of Legumes of World Economic Importance p. 271–286. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Hymowitz, T., W.M. Walker, F.I. Collins andJ. Panczner. 1972. Stability of sugar content in soybean strains. Commun. Soil Sci. Plant Anal.3: 367–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Kandler, O. andH. Hopf. 1980. Occurrence, metabolism and function of oligosaccharides.In: J. Preiss, ed., The Biochemistry of Plants Vol. 3, Carbohydrates: Structure and Function p. 221–270. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  6. —and—. 1982. Oligosaccharides based on sucrose (Sucrosyl oligosaccharides).In: F.A. Loewus and W. Tanner, ed., Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology New Series Vol. 13A, Plant Carbohydrates I, Intracellular Carbohydrates p. 348–383. Splinger-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  7. Kasai, T., O. Fujita andS. Kawamura. 1981a. On the free sugars and cyanogenic glycoside in the seed ofVicia angustifolia var.segetalis I. Free sugars and their changes by incubation of homogenate of the seeds. Tech. Bull. Fac. Agric. Kagawa Univ.32: 103–109 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  8. —,M. Kisimoto andS. Kawamura. 1981b. On the free sugars and cyanogenic glycoside in the seed ofVicia angustifolia var.segetalis II. Isolation and properties of vicianin and vicianose with some observations on crude vicianase. Tech. Bull. Fac. Agric. Kagawa Univ.32: 111–119 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  9. Kupicha, F.K. 1976. The infrageneric structure ofVicia. Notes R. Bot. Gard. Edinb.34: 287–326.Google Scholar
  10. — 1981. Tribe 21. Vicieae (Adans.) DC. (1825), nom. conserv. prop.In: R.M. Polhill and P.H. Raven, ed., Advances in Legume Systematics, Part 1, p. 377–381. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.Google Scholar
  11. NECCorporation. 1982. ACOS-2/4/6 Tohkei Kaiseki Sisutemu Setsumeisho (STATPAC-2/4/6) DXB02-6. NEC Corporation, Tokyo (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  12. Okuno, T. 1971. Shu Seibun Bunseki.In: T. Okunoet al., Ta Henryo Kaiseki Hou p. 159–257. Union of Japanese Scientists and Engineers, Tokyo (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  13. Pits, W.J. andF.W. Sosulski 1979. Determination of vicine and convicine in fababean cultivars by gas-liquid chromatography. Can. Inst. Food Sci. Technol. J.12: 93–97.Google Scholar
  14. —,— andL.R. Hogge. 1980. Occurrence of vicine and convicine in seeds of someVicia species and other pulses. Can. Inst. Food Sci. Technol. J.13: 35–39.Google Scholar
  15. Pritchard, P.J., E.A. Dryburgh andB.J. Wilson. 1973. Carbohydrates of spring and winter field beans (Vicia faba L.). J. Sci. Food Agric.24: 663–668.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Quemener, B., J. Gueguen andC. Mercier. 1982. Determination of vicine and convicine in fababeans by high pressure liquid chromatography. Can. Inst. Food Sci. Technol. J.15: 109–115.Google Scholar
  17. Suzuki, S. 1979. Principal component analysis (2)—with data transformation and plotting facilities.—Bull. Computing Centre for Res. in Agric., For. and Fish., Ser. A, No. 15 p. 105–171 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  18. Tschiersch, B. andP. Hanelt. 1967. Die freien Aminosäuren der Samen vonVicia L. und die systematische Gliederung der Gattung. Flora, Abt. A157: 389–406.Google Scholar
  19. Yasui, T., Y. Tateishi andH. Ohashi. 1985. Distribution of low molecular weight carbo-hydrates in the subgenusCeratotropis of the genusVigna (Leguminosae). Bot. Mag. Tokyo98: 75–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takeshi Yasui
    • 1
  • Yasuhiko Endo
    • 2
  • Hiroyoshi Ohashi
    • 2
  1. 1.Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and FisheriesNational Food Research InsituteTsukuba, Ibaraki
  2. 2.Biological Institute, Faculty of ScienceTohoku UniversityMiyagiSendai

Personalised recommendations