The botanical magazine = Shokubutsu-gaku-zasshi

, Volume 100, Issue 3, pp 255–272 | Cite as

Infrageneric variation of the low molecular weight carbohydrate composition of the seeds of the genusVicia (Leguminosae)

  • Takeshi Yasui
  • Yasuhiko Endo
  • Hiroyoshi Ohashi


The low molecular weight carbohydrate compositions of the seeds of 29 species ofVicia, namelyV. amoena, V. amurensis, V. bifolia, V. dumetorum, V. fauriei, V. japonica, V. nipponica, V. pisiformis, V. pseudo-orobus, V. sylvatica, V. unijuga, V. venosa, V. cassubica, V. orobus, V. cracca agg.,V. hirsuta, V. villosa agg.,V. tetrasperma,V. oroboides, V. sepium, V. cuspidata, V. grandiflora, V. lathyloides, V. sativa agg.,V. bithynica, V. faba, V. narbonensis, V. hybrida andV. lutea were determined by gas liquid chromatography. The carbohydrate compositions were found to be species-specific. Principal component analysis of the carbohydrate composition data showed that these species can be divided into three groups. Although, as far as the examined species were concerned, these groups were not correlated with the known subgenera, significant correlation between the groups and the known sections was detected in the subgenusVicia. The carbohydrate composition character would be important to clarify the relationships among closely related taxa of the genusVicia.

Key words

Chemotaxonomy Low molecular weight carbohydrates Seeds Vicia 


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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takeshi Yasui
    • 1
  • Yasuhiko Endo
    • 2
  • Hiroyoshi Ohashi
    • 2
  1. 1.Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and FisheriesNational Food Research InsituteTsukuba, Ibaraki
  2. 2.Biological Institute, Faculty of ScienceTohoku UniversityMiyagiSendai

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