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Chromatographia

, Volume 51, Issue 7–8, pp 390–396 | Cite as

Simultaneous separation of nonionic surfactants and polyethylene glycols by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography

  • T. Kamiusuki
  • T. Monde
  • K. Omae
  • K. Morioka
  • T. Konakahara
Originals

Summary

The simultaneous separation of polyethylene glycol and its derivatives such as the lauryl alcohol and lauric acid ethoxylate oligomers was carried out by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography. Branched fluorinated silica gel columns combined with evaporative light scattering detection were used for the characterization of nonionic surfactants. Lauryl alcohol ethoxylate oligomers were separated at 10°C with an isocratic eluent according to ethoxylate number and the retention time of the oligomers decreases with increasing ethoxylate number. The Van’t Hoff plots of retention factor of lauryl alcohol ethoxylate gave a complex cure, which is anomalous behavior for reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography. The anomalous Van’t Hoff plots were explained by a partial conformational change from polar to less polar conformers with increasing temperature. The most significant features for the analysis of the lauryl alcohol ethoxylate were the use of acetonitrile as mobile phase and operating temperature. The polyethylene glycol was separated according to ethoxylate number and the retention time of oligomers increased with increasing ethoxylate number. The Van’t Hoff plots of retention factor of polyethylene glycol had negative slopes. It was presumed that the polar conformation of the ethylene oxide chain decreased with increasing temperature. The lauryl alcohol ethoxylate and polyethylene glycol were separated simultaneously in gradient elution as a result of the conformational change of the ethylene oxide chain. As a practical example, lauric acid ethoxylate simultaneously separated into free polyethylene glycol, ethoxylate monolaurate and ethoxylate dilaurate in gradient elution.

Key Words

Column liquid chromatography Nonionic surfactant Polyethylene glycol Fluorocarbon bonded stationary phase 

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Copyright information

© Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn Verlagsgesellschaft mbH 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Kamiusuki
    • 1
  • T. Monde
    • 1
  • K. Omae
    • 1
  • K. Morioka
    • 1
  • T. Konakahara
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Research LaboratoryNEOS Company LimitedKohsei, Kohka, ShigaJapan
  2. 2.Department of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, Faculty of Science and TechnologyScience University of TokyoNoda, ChibaJapan

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