The botanical magazine = Shokubutsu-gaku-zasshi

, Volume 88, Issue 3, pp 197–211 | Cite as

Leaf structure and function in evergreen trees and shrubs of Japanese warm temperate rain forest I. The structure of the lamina

  • Peter John Grubb
  • Elizabeth A. A. Grubb
  • Itsuo Miyata


Information has been obtained as a part of a wider study of leaf structure, water relations and mineral status, which is to include work on a considerable variety of evergreen forests. Fifteen structural features have been investigated in well-lit leaves of 60 dicotyledonous species of Japanese Warm Temperate Rain Forest, this sample giving an 81% cover of the relevant species (Table 1). The salient features of the average leaf are summarised on p. 200. The leaves of shrubs and small trees have been compared with those of tall and medium trees; some of the differences were unexpected. For example, the leaves of the lower growing species tended to be thicker and to have thicker outer walls. The leaves of the whole Japanese sample were compared with those of 40 species in Tropical Lowland Rain Forest in New Britain. Although the average leaf area of the Japanese species was less than one tenth of that of the species from New Britain, the thickness and internal structure of the leaf and the size and density of the stomata were quite similar in the two sets of leaves (Table 2). The Japanese leaves were somewhat more xeromorphic in that they had thicker outer walls in the upper and lower epidermis.


Guard Cell Vascular Bundle Outer Wall Stomatal Density Leaf Structure 
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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter John Grubb
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Elizabeth A. A. Grubb
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Itsuo Miyata
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Botany SchoolUniversity of CambridgeEngland
  2. 2.Biogeography DepartmentAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Biology, Faculty of ScienceKyushu UniversityFukuoka

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