Phylogenetic systematics of the nymphaeales

  • Motomi Ito


A cladistic analysis was applied to reveal the phylogenetic relationships among the Nymphaeales. Seventeen out of twenty three characters in gross morphology, anatomy and palynology were analyzed, for their evolutionary polarities. From the results of the present analysis, the phylogenetic status of each genus and their relationships were clarified: 1)Nelumbo is a distinct taxon and is presumed to have originated from an ancestral stock of the Nymphaeales; 2)Ceratophyllum has a close phylogenetic relationship withCabomba; and 3) in the Nymphaeaceaesensu stricto, Nuphar and the remaining genral constitute a monophyletic group.

A conclusion obtained from the present analysis was that the following three families should be recognized in the Nymphaeales; Nelumbonaceae Nymphaeaceae, and Ceratophyllaceae. The generaBrasenia andCabomba are traditionally classified in the Nymphaeaceae or in the independent family Cabombaceae. However, they should be included in the family Ceratophyllaceae.

Key words

Ceratophyllaceae Cladistic analysis Nelumbonaceae Nymphaeaceae Nymphaeales Phylogenetic systematics 


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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motomi Ito
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Botany, Faculty of scienceKyoto UniversityKyoto

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