Acta Mechanica Sinica

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 567–579 | Cite as

Asymmetric vortices flow over slender body and its active control at high angle of attack

  • Deng Xueying
  • Wang Yankui
Article

Abstract

The studies of asymmetric vortices flow over slender body and its active control at high angles of attack have significant importance for both academic field and engineering area. This paper attempts to provide an update state of art to the investigations on the fields of forebody asymmetric vortices. This review emphasizes the correlation between micro-perturbation on the model nose and its response and evolution behaviors of the asymmetric vortices. The critical issues are discussed, which include the formation and evolution mechanism of asymmetric multi-vortices; main behaviors of asymmetric vortices flow including its deterministic feature and vortices flow structure; the evolution and development of asymmetric vortices under the perturbation on the model nose; forebody vortex active control especially discussed micro-perturbation active control concept and technique in more detail. However present understanding in this area is still very limited and this paper tries to identify the key unknown problems in the concluding remarks.

Key words

asymmetric vortex flow control high angle of attack aerodynamics slender body 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Erickson GE. High angle-of-attack aerodynamics.Annu Rev Fluid Mech, 1995, 27:45–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Smith JHB. Vortex flows in aerodynamics.Annu Rev Fluid Mech, 1986, 18: 221–242CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ericsson LE. Challenges in high-alpha vechiele dynamics.Progress in Aerospace Science, 1995, 31: 291–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang GW, Lu XY, Zhuang LX. Vortex control by the spanwise suction flow on the upper surface of delta wing.Acta Mechanica Sinica, 1999, 15(2): 116–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zhuang FG. On numerical techniques in CFD.Acta Mechanica Sinica, 2000, 16(3): 193–216CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Wardlaw AB Jr. High angle of attack missile aerodynamics. AGARD LS-98, Paper 5, 1978Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sun M, Wu JH. Large aerodynamic force on a sweeping wing at low Reynolds number.Acta Mechanica Sinica, 2004, 20(1): 24–31Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Allen HJ, Perkins EW. Characteristics of flow over inclined bodies of revolution. NACA RM A50L07, 1951Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chapman GT, Keener ER. The aerodynamics of bodies of revolution at angles of attack to 90°. AIAA Paper 79-0023, 1979Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hunt BL. Asymmetric vortex forces and wakes on slender bodies. AIAA Paper 82-1336, 1982Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ericsson LE, Reding JP. Vortex-induced asymmetric loads in 2-D and 3-D flows. AIAA Paper 80-0181, 1980Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ericsson LE, Reding JP. Aerodynamics effects of asymmetric vortex shedding from slender bodies. AIAA Paper 85-1797, 1985Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ericsson LE. Control of forebody flow asymmetric-A critical review. AIAA Paper 90-2833, 1990Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ericsson LE, Reding JP. Asymmetric flow separation and vortex shedding on bodies of revolution. In: Progress in Astronautics and Aeronautics. AIAA Vol. 141, chap. 10, 391–452, 1992Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Malcolm G. Forebody vortex control—A progress review. AIAA Paper 93-3540, 1993Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Williams D. A review of forebody vortex control scenarios. AIAA Paper 97-1967Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ericsson LE, Beyers ME. Fluid mechanics considerations for successful design of forebody flow control. AIAA Paper 2000-2320, 2000Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Roos FW. Micro blowing: An effective, efficient method of vortex—asymmetry management. AIAA Paper 2000-4416, 2000Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Keener ER, Chapman GT. Onset of aerodynamic side forces at zero sideslip on symmetric fore bodies at high angles of attack. AIAA Paper 74-770, 1974Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Peake DJ, Owen FK, et al. Symmetrical and asymmetrical separations about a yawed come. AGARD CP-247 Paper 16, 1979Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Stetson KJ, Ojadana ES. Hypersonic laminar boundary layer separation on a slender cone at angle of attack.AIAA Journal, 1972, 10(5): 642–648Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Peake DJ, Owen FK, Higuchi H. Symmetrical and asymmetrical separations about a yawed cone. AGARD CP-247, Paper 16, 1978Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Keener ER, Chapman GT. Similarity in vortex asymmetries over slender bodies and wings.AIAA Journal, 1977, 15(9): 1370–1372Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ericsson LE. Sources of high alpha vortex asymmetry at zero sideslip.Journal of Aircraft, 1992, 29(6): 1086–1090Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Bird JD. Tuft-grid surveys at low speeds for delta wings. NASA TN D 5054, 1969Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Stahl WH, Mahmood M, Asghar. Experimental investigations of the vortex flow on delta wings at high incidence.AIAA Journal, 1992, 30(4): 1627–1032Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Shanks RE. Low-subsonic measurements of static and dynamic stability derivatives of six flat-plate wings having leading-edge sweep angles of 74° to 84°. NASA TND-1822, 1963Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Marconi F. Asymmetric separated flows about sharp cones in a supersonic stream. In: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Numerical Methods in Fluid Dynamics, 1998. 395–402Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Dyer DE, Fiddes SP, Smith JHB. Asymmetric vortex formation from cones at incidence, a simple inviscid model.Aeronantical Qurt, 1982, 33: 293–312Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Cai JS, Liu F, Luo SJ. Stability of symmetric vortices in two dimensions and over three-dimensional slender conical bodies.J Fluid Mech 2003, 480: 65–94MATHMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cai JS, Luo SJ, Liu F. Stability of symmetric and asymmetric vortex pairs over slender conical wings and bodies.Physics of Fluids, 2004, 16(2):424–432MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Degani D, Tobak M. Experimental study of controlled tip disturbance effect on flow asgmmetry.Physics of Fluids, 1992, 4(12): 2825–2832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Degani D. Effect of geometrical disturbances on vortex asymmetry.AIAA Journal, 1991, 29(4): 560–566Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Degani D. Instability of flows over bodies at large incidence.AIAA Journal, 1992, 30(1): 94–100MATHGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Bernhardt JE, Williams DR. Proportional control of asymmetric forebody vortices.AIAA Journal, 1998, 36(11): 2087–2093Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Deng XY, Liu PQ, Kong FM.Acta Aerodynamica Sinica, 2000, 18(Supplement): 121–126 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Zhang HX, Ran Z. On the structural stability of the flows over slender at angle of attack.Acta Aerodynamica Sinica, 1997, 15(1): 20–26 (in Chinese)MATHGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Lamont PJ, Hunt BL. Out-of-plane force on a circular cylinder at large angles of inclination to a uniform stream.Aeronautical Journal, 1973, 69(1): 41–45Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Lamont PJ, Hunt BL. Pressure and force distributions on a sharp-nosed circular cylinder at large angles of inclination to a uniform subsonic stream.J Fluid Mech, 1976, 76(3): 519–599CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Hunt BL, Dexter PC. Pressure on a slender body at high angle of attack in a very low turbulence level airstream, AGARD-CP-247, Paper No. 17. 1978Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Zilliac GG, Degani D, Tobak M Asymmetric vortices on a slender body of revolution.AIAA Journal, 1991, 29(5): 667–675Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Wardlaw AB, Morrison AM. Induced side forces at high angles of attack.Journal of Spacecraft and Rocket, 1976, 13(10): 589–593Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Keener ER, Chapma GT, Cohen L, et al. Side forces on a tangent—ogive forebody with a fineness ratio of 3.5 at high angles of attack and Mach numbers from 0.1 to 0.7. NASA TM X-3437, 1977Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Dexter PC, Hunt BL. The effects of roll angle on the flow over a slender body of revolution at high angles of attack. AIAA Paper 81-0358, 1981Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Deng XY, Chen XR, Wang YK, et al. Influence of nose perturbations on behaviors of asymmetric vortices over slender body. AIAA Paper 2002-4710, 2002Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Chen XR, Deng XY, Wang YK, et al. Influence of nose perturbations on behavior of asymmetric vortices over slender body.Acta Mechanica Sinica, 2003, 18(b): 581–593Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Deng XY, Wang YK, et al. Deterministic flow field and flow structure model of asymmetric vortices over slender body. AIAA Paper 2003-5475, 2003Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Deng XY, Wang G, et al. A physical model of asymmetric vortices flow structure in regular state over slender body at high angle of attack.Science in China (series E), 2003, 46(6): 561–573MathSciNetMATHGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Liu PQ, Deng XY. Lee-side vortex structure and aerodynamic characteristics analysis over a slender cylinder at high incidence.Acta Mechanica Sinica, 2002, 34(2): 248–255 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Sarpkaya T. Separated flow about lifting bodies and impulsive flow about cylinders.AIAA Journal, 1966, 4(3): 414–420Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Thomson KD, Morrison DF. The spacing, position, and strength of vortices in the wake of slender cylindrical bodies at large incidence.J Fluid Mech, 1971, 50(4): 751–783CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Moskovitz CA, Hall RM, Dejarnette FR. New device for controlling asymmetric flowfields on forebodies at large alpha.J Aircraft, 1991, 28(7): 456–462Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Bridges DH, Hornung HG. Elliptic tip effects on the vortex wake of an axisymmetric body at incidence.AIAA Journal, 1994, 32(7): 1437–1445Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Luo SC, Lim TT, et al. Flowfield around ogive/elliptic-tip cylinder at high angle of attack.AIAA Journal, 1998, 36(10): 1778–1787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Yang YG, Cui EJ, Zhou WJ. Numerical studies about an asymmetric vortex flow around a slender body at high incidence.Acta Mechanica Sinica, 2004, 36(1): 1–8 (in Chinese)MATHGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Ward KC, Katz S. Development of flow structures in the Lee of an inclined body of revolution.Journal of Aircraft, 1989, 26(3): 198–203Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Deng XY, Wang G, et al. The study of determinacy and multi-vortex structure of the flow over slender body at high angles of attack. In: Proceedings of 5th National Conference on Flow Visualization, 2002. 6–16 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Alcorn CW, Croom MA, Francis MS. The X-31 experience: aerodynamic impediments to post-stall agility.Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Cao Y, Deng X. Insight into fuselage aerodynamic forces and strake control at high angles of attack.Canadian Aeronautics and Space Journal, 2000, 46(3): 150–158Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Rao DM. Side-force alleviation on slender pointed forebodies at high angles of attack.Journal of Aircraft, 1979, 16(11): 763–768Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Keener ER, Chapman GT, cohen L, et al. Side forces on forebody at high angles of attack and Mach numbers from 0.1 to 0.7: Two tangent, paraboloid and cone. NASA TM-X-3437, 1976Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Gu YS, Ming X. Forebody vortices control using a fast-swinging micro-tip-strake at high angles of attack.Acta Aeronautics and Astronautics Sinica, 2003, 24(2): 102–106Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Fidler SE. Active control of asymmetric vortex effects.Journal of Aircraft, 1981, 18(4): 267–272Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Rao DM, Moskovitz C, Murri DG. Forebody votex management for yow control at high angles of attack.Journal of Aircraft, 1987, 24(4): 248–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Malcolm GN, Ng TT. Aerodynamic control of fighter aircraft by manipulation of forebody vortices. AGARD, CP-497, Paper 15, 1991Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Eidson RC, Mosbarger NA. Forebody pneumatic devices at low angles of attack and transonic speed. AIAA Paper 97-0042, Jan 1997Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Cornelius RC, Pandit N, et al. An experimental study of pneumatic vortex flow control on high angle of attack forebody model. AIAA Paper 92-0018, 1992Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    Ng TT, Maleolm GN. Forebody vortex control using small, rotatable strakes.Journal of Aircraft, 1992, 29(4): 671–678Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Deng XY. Asymmetric vortices flow and active control with Bleed Perturbatioin. In: Proceedings of KSAS 1st International Sessions, 2003. 75–80Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Moskovitz CA, Hall RM, et al. Effects of nose bluntness, roughness and surface perturbations on the asymmetric flow past slender bodies at large angles of attack. AIAA Paper 89-2236, 1989Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Williams D, El-Khabiry S, Papazian H. Control of asymmetric vortices around a cone-cylinder geometry with unsteady base bleed. AIAA Paper 89-1004, Mar 1989Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Williams D, Papazian H. Forebody vortex control with the unsteady bleed technique.AIAA Journal, 1991, 29(5):853–855Google Scholar
  73. 73.
    Williams D, Berhhardt J. Proportional control of asymmetric forebody vortices with the unsteady bleed technique. AIAA Paper 90-1629, June 1990Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Bernhardt J, Williams DR. The effect of Reynolds number on control of forebody asymmetry by suction and bleed. AIAA Paper 93-3265, July 1993Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Roos FW, Mayness CL. Bluntness and blowing for flowfield asymmetry control on slender forebodies. AIAA Paper 93-3409, 1993Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Roos FW. Microblowing for high-angle-of-attack vortex flow control on a fighter aircraft. AIAA Paper 96-0543, Jan 1996Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Roos FW. Microblowing for vortex asymmetry management on a hemisphere-cylinder forebody. AIAA Paper 96-1951, June 1996Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Keener ER. Flow separation patterns on symmetric forebodies. NASA. TM86016, 1986Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Lamont PS. Pressures around an inclined ogive cylinder with laminar, transitional, or turbulent separation.AIAA Journal, 1982, 20(11):1492–1499Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Bernhardt JE, Williams DR. The effect of Reynolds number on vortex symmetry about slender bodies.Phys Fluids A, 1993, 5(2): 291–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chinese Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deng Xueying
    • 1
  • Wang Yankui
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Fluid MechanicsBeijing University of Aeronautics and AstronauticsBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations