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Brain Tumor Pathology

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 47–52 | Cite as

A fourth ventricle atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor in an infant

  • Chikanori Inenaga
  • Yasuko Toyoshima
  • Hiroshi Mori
  • Kenichi Nishiyama
  • Ryuichi Tanaka
  • Hitoshi Takahashi
Original Article

Abstract

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT), a recently established central nervous system tumor entity, occurs in children and is more malignant than medulloblastoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNET). We report here a case of AT/RT in a male infant who was 9 months old at the time of diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed that the tumor occupied the fourth ventricle, and at surgery it was found to adhere to the floor of the fourth ventricle. After subtotal removal of the tumor mass, chemotherapy and radiotherapy were performed, but the patient died about 8 months after the diagnosis following rapid regrowth of the residual tumor. Light-microscopically, the tumor was composed mainly of nests of rhabdoid cells with fields of PNET. Occasional mesenchymal and epithelial fields were also evident. Immunohistochemically, these rhabdoid cells were positive for vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen, smooth-muscle actin, cytokeratin, and S-100 protein, and less frequently for glial fibrillary acidic protein. Electron-microscopically, the typical rhabdoid cells contained whorled bundles of intermediate filaments in their cytoplasm. Occasionally, such rhabdoid cells were covered partially by basal lamina at their stromal interface. These findings are typical of AT/RT. Although it is well known that AT/RT often arises in the posterior fossa, detailed reports of cases affecting the fourth ventricle are rare. In this case, the ultrastructural relationship between rhabdoid cells and the basal lamina, which has not so far been described in AT/RT, was of great interest when the nature of the rhabdoid cells was considered.

Key words

Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor Fourth ventricle Immunohistochemistry Ultrastructure Basal lamina 

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Copyright information

© The Japan Society of Brain Tumor Pathology 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chikanori Inenaga
    • 1
  • Yasuko Toyoshima
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Mori
    • 2
  • Kenichi Nishiyama
    • 2
  • Ryuichi Tanaka
    • 1
  • Hitoshi Takahashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pathology, Brain Research InstituteNiigata UniversityNiigataJapan
  2. 2.Department of Neurosurgery, Brain Research InstituteNiigata UniversityNiigataJapan

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