Protective procedures followign splenic rupture
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The aim of the present study was to improve spleen-preserving procedures in patients undergoing laparotomy following abdominal trauma. Of a total 288 patients who underwent laparotomy for abdominal trauma in the Fourth General Surgical Department of Hardarpaş a Teaching Hospital between 1989 and 1996, 94 patients with splenic injuries were retrospectively analyzed. The mean age of these 94 patients, 69% whom were male, was 28.9±3.5 years. Traffic accidents were found to be the major cause of splenic injuries (71.3%) and diagnostic peritoneal lavage was frequently used as a diagnostic tool (58.8%).Grades IV andV splenic injuries were seen in 71 patients (75.4%), all of whom required splenectomy. Omentoplasty with partial splenectomy or omentoplasty with splenorrhaphy successfully controlled hemorrhage from the spleen in 22 patients (23.4%). The complication rate was calculated at 18.06% in this study, but no deaths occurred as a direct result of splenic injury. In conclusion, omentoplasty, partial splenectomy, and splenorrhaphy are safe and successful methods of controlling bleeding from a damaged spleen of grade III in patients without multiple injuries.
Key Wordspartial splenectomy splenorrhaphy omentoplasty
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