Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics

, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 385–398

# A projection method of estimation for a subfamily of exponential families

• Shinto Eguchi
Article

## Summary

This paper is concerned with estimation for a subfamily of exponential-type, which is a parametric model with sufficient statistics. The family is associated with a surface in the domain of a sufficient statistic. A new estimator, termed a projection estimator, is introduced. The key idea of its derivation is to look for a one-to-one transformation of the sufficient statistic so that the subfamily can be associated with a flat subset in the transformed domain. The estimator is defined by the orthogonal projection of the transformed statistic onto the flat surface. Here the orthogonality is introduced by the inverse of the estimated variance matrix of the statistic on the analogy of Mahalanobis's notion (1936,Proc. Nat. Inst. Sci. Ind.,2, 49–55). Thus the projection estimator has an explicit representation with no iterations. On the other hand, the MLE and classical estimators have to be sought as numerical solutions by some algorithm with a choice of an initial value and a stopping rule. It is shown that the projection estimator is first-order efficient. The second-order property is also discussed. Some examples are presented to show the utility of the estimator.

### Key words and phrases

ABO blood group model exponential family inbreeding coefficient maximum likelihood estimator projection estimator

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## Authors and Affiliations

• Shinto Eguchi
• 1
1. 1.Hiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan