Applicability of rheological models to high-performance grouts containing supplementary cementitious materials and viscosity enhancing admixture


The knowledge of yield stress and plastic viscosity of cement-based materials is of special interest in various applications, including consolidation grouting, post-tensioning systems, and for numerical simulations. These rheological parameters are generally estimated from the shear stress-shear rate data using an empirical model. Highly pseudoplastic systems may not be adequately modeled using flow models typically used for conventional grouts. This paper summarizes the results of a study undertaken to evaluate the applicability of a number of analytical models to fit experimental data obtained on cement grout. In total, 44 grouts containing silica fume replacements of 1.5%, 3%, and 5% by mass of cementitious materials, blast furnace slag substitutions of 20% and 40%, and various combinations of high-range water-reducer and viscosity-enhancing admixture were evaluated. All mixtures were prepared with 0.40 water-cementitious material ratio.

Test results highlight the difficulties encountered when using conventional models to fit flow data of highly pseudoplastic mixtures of low yield stress. This is true for mixtures incorporating a viscosity-enhancing admixture, especially when combined with low dosage of high-range water-reducer. In general, the Herschel-Bulkley, Robertson, De Kee, and Casson models were found to be adequate for use with highly pseudoplastic grouts. A new model is proposed to provide better fitting of rheological profiles of highly flowable, yet stable, pseudoplastic mixtures that exhibit particularly low yield stress values.


Les paramètres rhéologiques, soit le seuil de rigidité et la viscosité plastique, des suspensions de ciment sont des paramètres importants pour le contrôle de la qualité de ces matériaux. Ces paramètres sont génélement estimés à partir de la courbe d'écoulement en utilisant un modèle empirique. Les mélanges contenant un agent de viscosité montrent cependant un comportement pseudo-plastique largement plus important que les mélanges sans agent de viscosité. Les modèles empiriques utilisés pour simuler le comportement rhéologique des coulis ordinaires ne sont alors pas adéquats pour reproduire les courbes d'écoulement des coulis pseudo-plastiques. Dans cet article, on se propose d'évaluer la validité de différents modèles empiriques pour décrire le comportement rhéologique des coulis pseudo-plastiques. Quarante-quatre coulis contenant 1,5%, 3% et 5%, de la masse de liant, de la fumée de silice du laitier de haut fourneau à des dosages entre 20 et 40% et différentes combinaisons de superplastifiant et d'agent de viscosité ont été évalués.

Les résultats de cette étude ont montré qu'il est difficile de décrire le comportement rhéologique des coulis pseudo-plastiques en utilisant des modèles empiriques linéaires. En général, les modèles de Herschel-Bulkley, Robertson, De Kee et Casson sont adéquats pour décrire le comportement rhéologique des coulis pseudo-plastiques. En outre, un nouveau modèle non linéaire est proposé pour mieux décrire les rhéogrammes des coulis pseudo-plastiques ayant un faible seuil de rigidité.

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Yahia, A., Khayat, K.H. Applicability of rheological models to high-performance grouts containing supplementary cementitious materials and viscosity enhancing admixture. Mat. Struct. 36, 402–412 (2003).

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  • Shear Rate
  • Silica Fume
  • Blast Furnace Slag
  • Cement Grout
  • Bingham Model