Fire Technology

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 98–119 | Cite as

Estimating room temperatures and the likelihood of flashover using fire test data correlations

  • B. J. McCaffrey
  • J. G. Quintiere
  • M. F. Harkleroad


A simple procedure is presented for estimating room temperature and the likelihood of the occurrence of flashover in an enclosure. The engineer can use the results for quantitative estimations of the effects of building design and fire load, on the tendency for flashover as defined by a temperature limit.


Heat Transfer Coefficient Energy Release Rate Heat Release Rate Fire Technology Fire Growth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Quintiere, J. G., McCaffrey, B. J. and Den Braven, K., “Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of Quasi-Steady Small-Scale Enclosure Fires.”Seventeenth Symposium (Int.) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1978, p. 1125.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Quintiere, J. G. and McCaffrey, B. J., “The Burning of Wood and Plastic Cribs in an Enclosure,” Volume 1, NBSIR 80-2054 National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. (1980).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tu, King-Mon and Babrauskas, Vytenis, “The Calibration of a Burn Room for Fire Test on Furnishings. NBS TN 981. National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. (December 1978).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    McCaffrey, B. J. and Rockett, J. A., “Static Pressure Measurements of Enclosure Fires,”Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards, Vol. 82, No. 2 (September–October 1977).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hagglund, B., Jansson, R. and Onnermark, B., “Fire Development in Residential Rooms after Ignition From Nuclear Explosions.” F.O.A. Rapport C 20016-D6 (A3), (pg. 22), (November 1974).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Alpert, R. L.,et al., “Influence of Enclosures on Fire Growth,” Volume I, FMRC Serial No. OAOR2.BU-2, 3, 6, 8. Factory Mutual, Research Corporation (1977).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Steckler, K. D., “Fire Induced Flows Through Room Openings— Flow Coefficients,” NBSIR in progress.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Emmons, H. W., “The Prediction of Fires in Buildings,”Seventeenth Symposium (Int.) on Combustion, The Combustion Institute, 1978, p. 1101.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    McCaffrey, B. J., “Purely Buoyant Diffusion Flames: Some Experimental Results,” NBSIR 79-1910, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. (October 1979).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Heskestad, G., “Physical Modeling of Fire,”Journal of Fire and Flammability, Vol. 6 (1975), p. 253. Also Alpert, R. L. “Turbulent Ceiling-Jet Induced by Large-Scale Fires,”Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 11, (1975), p. 197.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Thomas, P. H., Bullen, M. L., Quintiere, J. G. and McCaffrey, B. J., “Flashover and Instabilities in Fire Behavior,” Combustion and Flame, Vol. 38 (1980), p. 159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Quintiere, J. G., “Growth of Fire in Building Compartments,” inFire Standards and Safety, ASTM STP 614, A. F. Robertson, Ed. American Society for Testing and Materials (1977), pp. 131–167.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Quintiere, J. G., McCaffrey, B. J. and Kashiwagi, T., “A Scaling Study of a Corridor Subject to a Room Fire.”Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 18, No. 1 (1978).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rockett, J. A., “Fire Induced Gas Flow in an Enclosure,”Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 12 (1976), p. 165.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Thomas, P. H., Bullen, M. L., “On the Role ofk oc of Room Lining Materials in the Growth of Room Fires,”Fire and Materials, Vol. 3, No. 68 (1979). Also Building Research Establishment Information Paper IP 19/79 (August 1979).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lee, B. T., “Quarter-Scale Modeling of Room Fire Tests of Interior Finish.” NBSIR, National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D. C. (to appear).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Schultz, D. L. and Jones, T. V., “Heat-transfer Measurements in Short Duration Hypersonic Facilities,” AGARD-AG-165, North Atlantic Treaty Organizations, France (1973).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    “System/360 Scientific Subroutine Package,” (360 A-CM-03X) Version II, Programmers Manual H-20-0205-1, p. 26.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The National Fire Protection Association 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. J. McCaffrey
  • J. G. Quintiere
  • M. F. Harkleroad

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations