Medical & Biological Engineering

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 73–77 | Cite as

Linearity of the horizontal component of the electro-oculogram

  • L. A. Geddes
  • J. D. Bourland
  • G. Wise
  • R. Steinberg


The horizontal component of the human electro-oculogram was recorded using dry electrodes. The voltages obtained (e) for gaze angles (θ) up to ±60° were analysed to test the relationships e=Eθ and e=Em sin θ. It was found that up to about ±45° the linear and sinusoidal relationships accurately represented the data. For gaze angles greater than ±45°, the sinusoidal relationshlp provided a slightly better fit for the data.


Electro-oculogram analysis eye movement 


Die horizontale Komponente des menschlichen Elektrooculogramms wurde unter Benutzung von Trockenelektroden aufgezeichnet. Die gemessenen Spannungen (e) für die Blickwinkel (θ) bis zu ±60° wurden anlysiert, um die Beziehungene+Eθ unde=E m sin θ zu prüfen. Es wurde gefunden, dass bis zu etwa ±45° die lineare und die Sinusbeziehung die Messdaten genau beschreiben. Für Blickwinkel über ±45° ergab die Sinusbeziehung eine geringfügig bessere Beschreibung der Messdaten.


On a enregistré la composante horizontale de l'électro-oculogramme humain à l'aide d'électrodes sèches. Les tensions obtenus (e) pour les angles de vision (θ) jusqu'à ±60°, furent analysés afin de vérifier la relatione=Eθ ete=E m sin θ. On trouva que jusqu'à ±45°, les relations sinusoïdale et linéaire représentent les données avec précision. Pour les angles de vision supérieurs à ±45°, la relation sinusoïdale est en accord légèrement meilleur avec les données.


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Copyright information

© International Federation for Medical & Biological Engineering 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Geddes
    • 1
  • J. D. Bourland
    • 1
  • G. Wise
    • 2
  • R. Steinberg
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Biomedical EngineeringBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Princeton UniversityPrincetonUSA
  3. 3.Rice UniversityHoustonUSA

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