Analytical solutions for the specific activities of a traced substance within the component parts of a simulated kidney-ureter system
Two models for a kidney-ureter system are considered: one model of one vessel in which a traced substance, undergoing exchange between the vessel and an external compartment, is emptying into the ureter; the second model of two approximately parallel, identical vessels in which a traced substance, undergoing exchange between each vessel and an external compartment, is emptying into the ureter. A single impulsive input of label into a vessel is assumed. For mathematical simplicity, the major conditions imposed on each system are: (1) rapid mixing transverse to a vessel axis and no mixing longitudinal to a vessel axis within the plasma; (2) small variation of the specific activity within the plasma in the longitudinal direction to a vessel axis; (3) constant flow rate of urine into the ureter and (4) constant exchange coefficients, tubule flow velocity and traced substance concentrations within individual compartments.
KeywordsBiophysics Volume Constant Flow Rate Label Substance Mathematical Simplicity Rapid Injection
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