Quantitative description of the effect of solvent on kinetics of benzophenone oxide decay
The effect of solvent on rate constants of benzophenone oxide decay was investigated by flash photolysis. A quantitative description of this dependence in the terms of the Koppel-Palm equation suggests that all types of the solvation (non-specific electrostatic and polarizational, specific electrophilic and nucleophilic) strongly affect the reactivity of benzophenone oxide. Besides, strengthening of any effect leads to a decrease of the observed rate constant.
KeywordsCarbonyl oxides kinetics flash photolysis correlation equations
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.P.S. Bailey:Ozonation in Organic Chemistry. Vol. 1, Vol. 2. Academic, New York 1978, 1982.Google Scholar
- 4.A.M. Nazarov, E.M. Chainikova, R.L. Safiullin, S.L. Khursan, V.D. Komissarov:React. Kinet. Catal. Lett.,61, 173 (1997).Google Scholar
- 5.A.M. Nazarov, E.M. Chainikova, S.L. Khursan, A.B. Ryzhkov, R.L. Safiullin, V.D. Komissarov:Izv. RAN, Ser. Khim., 1997 (in press).Google Scholar
- 6.V.A. Palm:Bases of quantitative theory of organic reactions. Khimiya, Moscow 1977. (in Russian).Google Scholar
- 7.M. Regitz, F. Menz:Chem. Ber.,101, 2622 (1968).Google Scholar
- 8.A. Weisberger, E. Proskauer, J. Riddick, E. Toops:Organic Solvents, Inostrannaya Literatura, Moscow 1958 (in Russian).Google Scholar