Materials and Structures

, 26:557 | Cite as

Cyclic loading of laterally confined concrete columns

  • H. K. Cheong
  • S. H. Perry
Technical Notes


The behaviour under cyclic load of stub concrete columns confined laterally by a novel method of reinforcement is described. The columns were confined by an orthogonal system of steel bolts, and were loaded axially in compression in slow cycles. These were compared with similar columns loaded to failure monotonically in compression. It was found that the columns exhibited a large energy absorption and dissipation capacity. The concept of an envelope curve can be applied to the cyclic behaviour of the reinforced columns, both in terms of axial stress-strain behaviour and the development of confining pressures. The paper also deals with energy dissipation and stiffness degradation in the columns during cycling, together with the prediction of the residual strain.


Longitudinal Strain Strain Ratio Plain Concrete Concrete Column Load Amplitude 
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Principal Notation


Longitudinal stress in the column


Longitudinal stress in the column at maximum load


Stress in the steel bolt


Longitudinal strain in the column


Longitudinal strain in the column at maximum load


Longitudinal strain in the column at maximum load (monotonic case)


Longitudinal strain to which column is taken in a loading cycle


Residual longitudinal strain at the end of an unloading cycle


Load at first visible cracking


Longitudinal stiffness of the column at the start of loading or reloading


On décrit le comportement sous chargement cyclique de tronçons de colonnes en béton confinés latéralement par une nouvelle méthode de renforcement. Les colonnes ont été confinées par un système orthogonal d’ancrages en acier, et soumises à une charge axiale en compression avec des cycles lents. On compare ces colones à des colonnes similaires chargées à la rupture en compression monotone.

On a observé que les colonnes présentaient une absorption d’énergie et une capacité de dissipation importantes. Le concept de courbe enveloppe peut s’appliquer au comportement cyclique de colonnes armées, à la fois en fonction du comportement contrainte/déformation axiale et du développement de pressions de confinement.

L’article traite également de la dissipation de l’énergie et de la détérioration de la rigidité dans les colonnes pendant les cycles, ainsi que de la prédiction de la déformation résiduelle.


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Copyright information

© RILEM 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. K. Cheong
    • 1
  • S. H. Perry
    • 2
  1. 1.Nanyang Technological UniversitySingapore
  2. 2.Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental EngineeringTrinity College (University of Dublin)Dublin 2Republic of Ireland

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