Environmental Management

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 273–279 | Cite as

Establishment of permit limits for mill effluent

  • Bradford R. Crain
  • Mike Woods


Various governmental regulatory agencies are responsible for establishing regulations on the discharge of chlorinated organic compounds from pulp and paper mills. The procedures for setting permit limits are the basic topic of this article. Different methods of determining permit limits are set forth and discussed in a number of references, including documents of the Environmental Protection Agency. This paper discusses in detail the application of one particular methodology—the lognormal model approach. In this paper we utilize a real data set and include the necessary calculations required to set up permit limits.

The basic tenets of the permit process are such that if limits are set too low, operators who are in full regulatory compliance will still be frequently cited, and if limits are set too high, operators who are not in compliance will seldom if ever be cited. Thus there is a great need for these effluent limits to be determined with great care, both to protect the environment receiving the wastewater and the industry producing the wastewater.

Key Words

Permit limits Regulatory compliance Lognormal statistical model Effluent control 


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Literature Cited

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bradford R. Crain
    • 1
  • Mike Woods
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mathematical SciencesPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Mames River CorporationClatskanieUSA

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