Environmental Management

, Volume 19, Issue 5, pp 735–739 | Cite as

Shoot biomass of turfgrass cultivars grown on composted waste

  • Bruce R. Roberts
  • Sanford D. Kohorst
  • Henry F. Decker
  • Daniel Yaussy


Various cultivars of four cool-season grass types (tall fescue, fine fescue, perennial ryegrass, and Kentucky bluegrass) were seeded in 0.34-liter plastic pots containing either composted sewage sludge [Com-Til2 (CT), Soil Magic2 (SM)] or composted yard mulch (YM). Plants were grown in the greenhouse for four weeks prior to measuring shoot biomass. White most tall fescue cultivars showed more shoot growth on YM, perennial ryegrass cultivars generally grew better on SM. Cultivars of fine fescue and bluegrass grew about the same on YM or SM, and slightly less on CT. With very few exceptions, shoot biomass of individual cultivars was greater on either YM or SM than it was on CT. Within individual grass types, Pennlawn (fine fescue), Pennant (perennial ryegrass), and Victa (Kentucky bluegrass) averaged consistently better growth on all three composted media. For tall fescue, Aquara, Rebel II, and Monarch performed best on YM, SM, and CT, respectively. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals did not occur in selective samples of shoot tissues collected from the grass types used.

Key Words

Organic waste Municipal waste Cool-season grasses Fescue Ryegrass Bluegrass 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc. 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce R. Roberts
    • 1
  • Sanford D. Kohorst
    • 1
  • Henry F. Decker
    • 2
  • Daniel Yaussy
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Botany & MicrobiologyOhio Wesleyan UniversityDelawareUSA
  2. 2.Buckeye Bluegrass FarmsOstranderUSA
  3. 3.Forestry Sciences LaboratoryUS Forest ServiceDelawareUSA

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