Bypass operation for advanced esophageal cancer —An analysis of 93 cases—
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From 1973 to 1987, 235 patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma were treated at Hiroshima University. Of these patients, 121 (51.5 per cent) were submitted to esophagectomy, 93 (39.6 per cent) to bypass surgery and 21 (8.9 per cent) to either exploratory or no surgery. In this report, the 93 cases who underwent bypass surgery were analysed. Ten patients died within thirty days after their operation (10.8 per cent) and there were 33 cases of hospital death (35.5 per cent). Following the bypass surgery, 49 (59.0 per cent) cases were able to tolerate over 50 per cent of their normal oral intake and 22 cases (26.5 per cent) were able to tolerate between 25 per cent and 50 per cent. For twelve cases (14.6 per cent), however, oral ingestion proved impossible up until the time of death due to such complications as leakage. The overall survival rates were 44.3 per cent at 6 months, 12.7 per cent at 1 year and 2.8 per cent at 5 years, respectively. Two cases survived for over 5 years. Hyperthermia was applied in combination with chemotherapy from 1981, however, no case survived for over one year without radiation therapy. Recently, radiation plus hyperthermia is being performed in combination with immunochemotherapy.
Key Wordsesophageal cancer bypass operation immunochemotherapy hyperthermia radiation
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