Artificial Life and Robotics

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 145–150 | Cite as

From sensory substitute technology to virtual reality research

  • Tohru Ifukube
Invited Article


This paper describes research into sensory substitutes for the disabled, and proposes one basic research approach to assistance technology. It also reports on how the technology is related to virtual reality research.

Key words

Sensory substitute The disabled Virtual reality 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Ifukube T (1982) A cued tactile vocoder. In: Computers in Ading the Disabled, Raviv J (ed) North-Holland Publishing, pp 197–215Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ifukube T (1989) Discrimination of synthetic vowels by using tactile vocoder and a comparison to that of an eight-channel cochlear implant. In: IEEE Trans., BME 36(11):1085–1091Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wada C, Ifukube T (1996) Proposal and evaluation of the sweeping display of the speech spectrum for a tactile vocoder used by the profoundly hearing impaired. In: Electronics and Communication in Japan 79(1):55–66Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Ifukube T (1984) Design of a Voice Typewriter. CQ Publishing, (in Japanese), p 195Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ifukube T, White RL (1987) A speech processor with lateral inhibition for an eight channel cochlear implant and its evaluation. In: IEEE Trans., BME 34(11):876–882Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ifukube T (1992) Signal processing for cochlear implants. In: Furui S, Sondhi MM (eds) Advances in Speech Processing. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 269–305Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Miyoshi S, Ifukube T, Matsushima J (1998) Proposal of a new method for narrowing and moving the stimulated region of cochlear implants-animal experiment and numerical analysis-. In: IEEE Trans., BME (in press)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Matsushima J, Miyoshi S, Ifukube T (1996) Surgical method for implanted tinnitus suppresser. In: Inter. Tinnitus Journal 2(1):21–25Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Nejime Y, Aritsuka T, Ifukube T, Matsushima J (1996) A portable digital speech-rate converter for hearing impairment. In: IEEE Trans. Rehabilitation Eng. 4(2):73–83Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Uemi N, Ifukube T (1994) Design of a new electrolarynx having a pitch control function. In: IEEE Inter. Workshop on Robot and Human Communication, pp 198–203Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Aoki N, Ifukube (1998) 1/f shimmer and jitter in normal sustained vowels and their application to speech synthesis. In: J Acoust Soc Am (in press)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ifukube T, Sasaki T, Peng C (1991) A blind mobility aid modeled after echolocation of bats. In: IEEE Trans. BME 38(5):461–465Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ifukube T (1997) Sound-based Assistive Technology for the Disabled. In: Ifukube T Corona Publishing (in Japanese) p 250Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Ifukube T (1997) A study on tele-existence of the tactile. In: Robotics J and Mechatronics, 9(3):197–202Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Wakisaka Y, Muro M, Ino S, Ifukube T (1997) Applications of hydrogen absorbing alloys to metal and rehabilitation equipment. In: IEEE Trans., Rehabilitation Eng 5(2):148–157Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Tanaka T, Ino S, Ifukube T (1996) Objective method to determine the contribution of great toes standing balance and preliminary observations of age-related effects. In: IEEE Trans., Rehabilitation Eng 4(2):84–90Google Scholar

Copyright information

© ISAROB 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Sensory Information Engineering, Research Institute for Electronic ScienceHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

Personalised recommendations