The Japanese journal of surgery

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 92–105 | Cite as

Newer diagnostic procedures in pancreatobiliary surgery

  • Fumio Nakayama


Newer diagnostic procedures useful in establishing accurate indication for surgical intervention in pancreatobiliary system have been reviewed during a five year period from 1968 to 1972.

Key Words

diagnostic procedures biliary tract pancreas jaundice cholangiography scintigraphy pancreaticography echotomography angiography biliary endoscopy 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Aakhus, T., Hofsli, M. and Vestad, E.: Angiography in acute pancreatitis, Acta radiol. 8: 119–128, 1969.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Acosta, J. M., Fotheringham, W. T., Ruiz, L. O. and Nardi, G. L.: Operative cholangiography, Arch. Surg. 99: 29–32, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Allen, K. L.: Routine operative cholangiography. Amer. J. Surg. 118: 573–576, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Andersson, Å., Edström, C., Saltzman, G. F. and Schampi, B.: Concretions in the pancreatic duct diagnosed by cholangiography, A case report, Acta radiol. 8: 183–186, 1969.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bardenheier, J.A. III, Kaminski, D. L., Willman, V. L. and Hanlon, L. R.: Ten year experience with direct cholangiography, Amer. J. Surg. 118: 900–905, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Batsakis, J. G., Kremers, B. J., Thiessen, M. M. and Schilling, J. M.: ‘Biliary tract enzymology’: A clinical comparison of serum alkaline phosphatase, leucine aminopeptidase and 5′-nucleotidase, Amer. J. Clin. Path. 50: 485–490, 1968.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Baum, M. and Howe, C. T.: Hypotonic duodenography in the diagnosis of carcinoma of the pancreas and its further use when combined with percutaneous cholangiography and pancreatic scintiscanning, Amer. J. Surg. 115: 519–525, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Beneventano, T. C. and Schein, C. J.: The physiologic basis of cholangiographic interpretation: pseudocalculus sign and problem of duct spasm, Surgery 63: 673–677, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Beneventano, T. C. and Schein, C. J.: The pseudocalculus sign in cholangiography, Arch. Surg. 98: 731–733, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Berci, G. and Shore, J. M.: Advances in cholangiography, Endoscopy 4: 29–31, 1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bergerhof, H. D.: Erfahrungen mit der Radiomanometrie bei 500 Gallenstein-operationen, Beiträge zur Klin. Chir. 216: 602–611, 1968.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bertaccini, G., Braibanti, T. and Uva, F.: Cholecystokinetic activity of the new peptide Caerulein in man, Gastroenterology 56: 862–867, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bierman, H. R., Zion, D. E., Stulberg, H. J. and Silberman, E. L.: Arterial patterns of pancreatic lesions, Angiology 20: 13–21, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bilbrey, R. L. and Buonocore, E.: Combined gastrointestinal and gallbladder roentgenograms using fat added to barium meals, Amer. J. Roentgen. 113: 29–33, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bode, C., Goebell, H. and kehl, W.: Effect of cholecystokinin—pancreazymin on bile salt secretion into the duodenal juice in patients with liver cirrhosis, Klin. Wschr. 49: 881–883, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bodvall, B. and Övergaard, B.: Computer analysis of post-cholecystectomy biliary tract symptoms, Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 124: 723–732, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bornhurst, R. A. and Heitzman, E. R.: New concepts of intravenous cholangiography, New York J. Med. 68: 3027–3035, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Bornhurst, R. A., Heitzman, E. R. and McAfee, J. G.: Double dose drip infusion cholangiography: an analysis of 107 consecutive cases, J.A.M.A. 206: 1489–1494, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bourke, J. B., Swann, J. C., Brown, C. L. and Ritchie, H. D.: Exocrine pancreatic function studies, duodenal cytology, and hypotonic duodenography in the diagnosis of surgical jaundice, Lancet I: 605–608, 1972.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Braun, H., Schmitt, W. and Wannagat, L.: Die Diagnostik von Pankreaserkrankungen mit Hilfe der Splenoportographie, Röntgenblätter 22: 359–363, 1969.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Brismar, J., Lindgren, P. and Satzman, G. F.: Ioglycamide (Bilivistan) as a contrast medium for intravenous cholegraphy. A clinical and experimental investigation, Acta radiol. 11: 129–147, 1971.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Brown, P. W., Sircus, W., Smith, A. N., Donaldson, A. A., Dymock, I. W., Falconer, C. W. A. and Small, W. P.: Scintillography in the diagnosis of pancreatic disease, Lancet I: 160–163, 1968.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Brühl, W. and Schmid, E.: Quantitative Bestimmung der nach Hydrolyse freigesetzten konjugierten Gallensäuren auf Dünnschichtchromatogrammen mit Spektrofotofluorometrie, Z. Gastroenterologie 10: 40–43, 1972.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Carlson, H. C.: Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography, Med. Clin. N. Amer. 54: 875–879, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Caroli, J.: Diseases of intrahepatic bile ducts, Israel J. Med. Sci. 4: 21–35, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Chang, F. C.: Intravenous cholangiography in the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis, amer. J. Surg. 120: 567–569, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Classen, M., Frühmorgen, P., Kozu, T. and Demling, L.: Endoscopic—radiologic demonstration of biliodigestive fistulas, Endoscopy 3: 138–142, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Cohen, W. N.: B-scan ultrasonography of abdominal mass lesions, Radiology 93: 589–591, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Cohn, E. M., Winsten, S. and Abramson, E. B.: Serum phosphohexose isomerase—its value in the differential diagnosis of jaundice, Am. J. Gastroent. 51: 101–111, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Conte, V. P., Pinotti, H. W., de Brito, T. and Pontes, J. F.: Cholecystokinin cholecystogram in the diagnosis of the cystic duct syndrome, Digestive Disease 16: 971–975, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Cooperman, L. R., Rossiter, S. B., Reimer, G. W. and Ng, E.: Infusion cholangiography: thirteen years experience with 1,600 cases, Amer. J. Roentgen. 104: 880–883, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Demling, L. and Classen, M.: Duodenojejunoscopy, Endoscopy 2: 115–117, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Den, N., Otsubo, Y., Nishimura, A. and Sato, H.: Endoscopic examination of biliary tract. (I) New biliary tract fiberscope, Geka (Surgery) 32: 1187–1193, 1970 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Den, N., Otsubo, Y., Nishimura, A. and Sato, H.: Endoscopic examination of biliary tract (II) Diagnosed cases, Geka (Surgery) 32: 1293–1300, 1970 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Dietz, M. W.: Simultaneous survey and lateral decubitus cholecystogram, Invest. Radiol. 4: 398–399, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Eaton, S. B., Benedict, K. T., Ferrucci, J. T. Jr. and Fleischli, D. J.: Hypotonic duodenography, Radiol. Clin. Amer. 8: 125–137, 1970.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Eddleston, A. L. W. F., Rake, M. O., Pagaltsos, A. P., Osborn, S. B. and Williams, R.:75Se-selenomethionine in the scintiscan diagnosis of primary hepatocellular carcinoma, Gut 12: 245–249, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Epstein, H. Y., Abrams, R. M., Beranbaum, E. R.: Angiographic localisation of insulinomas: high reported success rate and two additional cases, Amer. Surg. 169: 349–354, 1969.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Forsgren, L., Hansson, K., Lundh, G. and Nordenstam, H.: Pancreatic biopsy, Acta chir. Scand. 134: 457–460, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Foy, R. E., Jr.: Slow-infusion compared with direct injection cholangiography. Application of zonography, Radiology 90: 576–578, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Frosch, B. and Wagener, H.: Methoden und Ergebnisse der quantitativen Bestimmung der konjugierten Serumgallensäuren bei Erkrankungen der Leber, Klin. Wschr. 46: 913–922, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Frosch, B. and Wagener, H.: Konjugierte Serumgallensäuren bei chronischen Lebererkrankungen und Cholestase, Acta Hepatosplen. 18: 273–285, 1971.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Funaki, S., Maeda, A., Okuno, T. and Hasegawa, N.: Indication for papilloplasty in special reference to manometric cholangiography, Geka (Surgery) 33: 403–408, 1971 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Furusawa, T., Hisatsugu, T. and Nishimura, M.: Stereocholangiography, Shinryo to Chiryo (Diagnosis and Treatment) 59: 1080–1084, 1971 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Gianturco, C.: Rapid fluoroscopic duodenal intubation, Radiology 88: 1165–1166, 1967.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Goldman, L. I., Weinberger, M., De Laurentis, D. A. and Burnett, W. E.: Operative cholangiography, Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 128: 279–282, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Goldstein, H. and Ventzke, L. E.: Value of exfoliative cytology in pancreatic carcinoma, Gut 9: 316–318, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Hamada, Y. and Amagase, H.: Diagnosis of cholelithiasis by means of ultrasound, Iryo (Medical Treatment) 22: 1315–1319, 1968 (in Japanese).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Hanafee, W. N., Rosch, J. and Weiner, M.: Transjugular dilation of the biliary duct system, Radiology 94: 429–432, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Haverling, M., Swedenborg, J. and Thulin, L.: Increased biliary concentration of contrast media by combined oral and intravenous administration, Acta Radiol. 11: 122–128, 1971.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Heck, L. L. and Gottschalk, A.: The appearance of intrahepatic biliary duct dilatation on the liver scan, Radiology 99: 135–140, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Heslip, P. G. and Overton, T. R.: The value of radioisotope scanning in the investigation of suspected carcinoma of the pancreas, Am. J. Roentgenol. Radium Ther. Nucl. Med. 112: 667–677, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Heydenrych, J. J., Van Zijl, F. D. du T. and Van Zyl, J. J. W.: Transhepatic intubation of the common bile duct for inoperable obstruction: experience with 20 cases, J. Surg. Oncol. 1: 63–75, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Holm, H. H. and Mortensen, T.: Ultrasonic scanning in diagnosis of abdominal disease, Acta chir. Scand. 134: 333–341, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Honma, M. and Kurumadani, K.: Gallbladder tomography in the diagnosis of cholelithiasis, Iryo (Med. Treatment) 22: 1273–1281, 1968 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Hopton, D. and White, T. T.: An evaluation of manometric operative cholangiography in 100 patients with biliary disease, Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 133: 949–954, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Howat, H. T.: Pancreatic function tests, J. Roy. Coll. Phys., London 3: 85–93, 1968.Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Inada, G. and Ishizaki, M.: Comparative studies on roentgenologic and ultrasonic diagnosis of gallstone patients, Nagoya Med. J. 14: 145–149, 1968 (in Japanese).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Ishihara, Y.: Roentgenographic study of the carcinoma of the Vater papilla and ampulla, Nihon Shokaki Byo Gakkai Zasshi (Jap. J. Gastroenterology) 69: 304–312, 1972 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Ishihara, Y.: Roentgenological feature of the common bile duct stone and carcinoma of gallbladder and the major bile duct on barium meal examination, Nihon Shokaki Byo Gakkai Zasshi (Jap. J. Gastroenterology) 69: 178–190, 1972 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Janbroers, J. M., Sanders, J. C. Til, H. P., Feron, V. J. and de Groot, A. P.: Toxicologic and pharmacologic properties of iocetamic acid, a new oral cholecystographic agent, Toxic. Appl. Pharmacol. 14: 232–241, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Jolly, P. C., Baker, J. W., Schmidt, H. M., Walker, J. H. and Holm, J. C.: Operative cholangiography: a case for its routine use, Ann. Surg. 168: 551–565, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Jorpes, J. E. and Mutt, V.: Clinical aspects of the gastrointestinal hormones secretin and cholecystokinin, Scand. J. Gastroenterology 4: 49–57, 1969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Junghanns, K., Wenz, W., Kolig, G. and Beduhn.: Perkutane transhepatische Cholangiographie. Ihre Bedeutung für die Diagnostik des Verschlussikterus, Deutsch. Med. Wschr. 94: 24–27, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Kaffarnik, H. and Meyer-Bertenrath, J. G.: Zur Methodik und klinischen Bedeutung eines neuen Pankreaslipase-Tests mit Fluoresceindilaurinsäureester, Klin. Wschr. 47: 221–223, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Kakos, G. S., Tompkins, R. K., Turnipsseed, W. and Zollinger, R. M.: Operative cholangiography during routine cholecystectomy, Arch. Surg. 104: 484–488, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Katayama, H., Sawada, S., Yoshinaga, H. and Russell, W. J.: Thorium dioxide angiography followed by bile duct carcinoma. A case report with radiological studies, Nippon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi (Nippon Acta radiol.) 29: 481–490, 1969 (in English).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Katayama, H., Tanaka, M., Nakayama, F. and Wakita, M.: Two cases of gallbladder cancer diagnosed preoperatively by celiac angiography, Rinsho Hoshasen (Jap. J. Clin. Radiol.) 17: 139–144, 1972 (in Japanese).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Kelly, T. R. and Gradisar, I. A.: Primary carcinoma of the gallbladder, Arch. Surg. 100: 232–235, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Kido, C., Sasaki, T. and Kaneko, M.: Angiography of cancer of the gallbladder, Rinsho Hoshasen (Jap. J. Clin. Radiol.) 16: 63–69, 1971 (in Japanese).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Kihara, T., Ohta, A., Ishihara, Y. and Morita, M.: Hypotonic duodenography, Rinsho Hoshasen (Jap. J. Clin. Radiol.) 22: 251–254, 1971 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Klein, J. B. and Finck, F. M.: Primary carcinoma of the gallbladder, Review of 28 cases, Arch. Surg. 104: 769–772, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Konttinen, A., Hupli, V. and Salmenkivi, K.: The diagnosis of hepatobiliary diseases by serum enzyme analyses, Acta Med. Scand. 189: 529–535, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    Kozu, T., Oi, I., Suzuki, S. and Takemoto, T.: Fiberduodenoscopic observation on the dynamics of the duodenal papilla, Endoscopy 2: 99–102, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Kramer, S. G.: Technical aid to operative cholangiography, Surgery 64: 403–404, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Kumagai, T.: Cholangiographic diagnosis and pathologic observation of chronic pancreatitis. Nihon Shokaki Byo Gakkai Zasshi (Jap. J. Gastroenterology) 68: 84–102, 1971 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Kuriyama, T.: Therapeutic application of percutaneous transhepatic inserted indwelling tube in intrahepatic bile duct, Geka (Surgery) 33: 1367–1370, 1971 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Kusagai, T., Kuno, N., Aoki, I. and Kizu, M.: Studies on endoscopic pancreato-cholangiography, Nihon Shakaki Byo Gakkai Zasshi (Jap. J. Gastroenterology) 68: 799–816, 1971 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Landman, S., Polcyn, R. E. and Gottschalk, A.: Pancreas imaging—is it worth it? Radiology 100: 631–636, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Lawson, T. C. and Margulis, A. R.: A simplified tube control method of hypotonic duodenography, Radiology 92: 1119–1120, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Lieber, A., Schaefer, J. W. and Belin, R. B.: Hypotonic duodenography: diagnosis of annular pancreas in an adult, J.A.M.A. 203: 425–427, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    LoGrippo, G. A., Fox, T. A. and Block, M. A.: Serum immunoglobulins in the differential diagnosis between intrahepatic viral jaundice and extrahepatic obstructive jaundice, Henry Ford Hosp. Med. 16: 289–300, 1968.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    Löhr, E., Makoski, H. B. and Hoffmann, W.: Beiträge zur Infusionscholezystographie. Kritische Stellungnahme zur Röntgendiagnostik und zu Laborbefunden, Med. Welt 22: 875–878, 1971.Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    Lomas, F., Dibos, P. E. and Wagner, H. N.: Increased specificity of liver scanning with the use of67gallium citrate, New Eng. J. Med. 286: 1323–1329, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Luttwak, E. M.: A simple method of operative cholangiography, Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 128: 603–604, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Makino, I., Nakagawa, S. and Mashimo, K.: Conjugated and unconjugated serum bile acid levels in patients with hepatobiliary diseases, Gastroenterology 56: 1033–1039, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Martel, W.: Tubeless Hypotonic duodenography technique, value and limitation, Amer. J. Roentgen. 107: 119–130, 1968.Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Martel, W.: Hypotonic duodenography without intubation, Radiology 91: 387, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Mättig, H.: Die Verbreitung der Radiomanometrie im 25 Jahr ihres Bestehens, Zbl. Chir. 93: 899–907, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Mättig, H.: Muss die postoperative Kontrastmitteldarstellung der Gallenwege eine Radiomanometrie sein? Zbl. Chir. 93: 1107–1120, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Maurer, C. and Meier, B.: A method for the determination of biliary volume by means of indocyaninegreen, Gastroenterology 9: 159–165, 1971.Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    McCarthy, D. M., Brown, P., Melmed, R. N., Agnew, J. E. and Bouchier, I. A. D.:75Se-selenomethionine scanning in the diagnosis of tumours of the pancreas and adjacent viscera; the use of the test and its impact on survival, Gut 13: 75–87, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    McCready, V. R. and Cottrall, M. F.: Combined pancreas and liver scanning using a double isotope technique, Brit. J. Radiol. 44: 870–877, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    McFarland, J. O. and Currin, J.: Cholecystokinin and the cystic duct syndrome. Clinical experience in a community hospital, Amer. J. Gastroent. 52: 515–522, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    McNulty, J. G.: Drip-infusion cholecysto-cholangiography. Simultaneous visualization of the gallbladder and bile duct, Radiology 90: 570–575, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    Meyer-Burg, J.: Zur Problematik der Infusions-Cholecystocholangiographie, Deutsch. Med. Wschr. 94: 2018–2023, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Miyake, H.: Cholelithiasis, pp. 363. Kanehara Shuppan. Tokyo, 1970 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Möller, C. and Santavirta, S.: Residual common duct stones, Acta chir. Scand. 138: 183–185, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Mudge, G. H.: Uricosuric action of cholecystographic agent, New Eng. J. Med. 284: 929–933, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Mullen, J. L., Rosato, F. E., Rosato, E. F., Miller, W. T. and Sullivan, M.: The diagnosis of choledocholithiasis, Surg. Gynec. Obstet. 133: 774–778, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Murphy, G. M., Ross, A. and Billing, B. H.: Serum bile acids in primary biliary cirrhosis, Gut 13: 201–206, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Nahmad, M. H., Lankau, C. A., Del Guercio, L. R. and Meng, C. H.: Transumbilical cholangiography and selective venous portography in patients with obstructive jaundice, Surg. Forum 19: 338–339, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. 103.
    Nakazawa, S. et al.: Simplified hypotonic duodenography, I to Chou (Stomach and Intestine) 5: 1565–1573, 1970 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    Nathan, M. H., Newman, A., Murray, D. J. and Camponovo, R.: Cholecystokinin cholecystography. A four year evaluation, Amer. J. Roentgen. 110: 240–251, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Neale, G., Lewis, B., Weaver, V. and Panveliwalla, D.: Serum bile acids in liver disease, Gut 12: 145–152, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Nishimura, A., Otsubo, Y., Den, N. and Sato, H.: Endoscopic examinations of the biliary and pancreatic ducts—sixth report: a study on the development of a fiberoptic choledochoscope with the irrigation tube, I to Chou (Stomach and Intestine) 6: 485–492, 1971 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    Oi, I., Kobayashi, S. and Kondo, T.: Endoscopic pancreatocholangiography, Endoscopy 2: 103–106, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Oi, I., Takemoto, T. and Kondo, T.: Fiberduodenoscope: direct observation of the ampulla of Vater, Endoscopy 1: 101–103, 1969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. 109.
    Oi, I., Takemoto, T. and Nakayama, K.: Fiberduodenoscopy—early diagnosis of cancer of the papilla of Vater, Surgery 67: 561–565, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Oka, M., Nishii, T., Sakurai, T., Marusasa, Y., Hazama, A. and Kinoshita, H.: Evaluation of the ultrasonic echodiagnosis of cholelithiasis and cancers of the bile duct and pancreas, Jap. J. Surg. 1: 42–53, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Olsen, J. H.: Duodenal exfoliative cytology, diagnosis of cancer of duodenum, pancreas and biliary tract by exfoliative cytology, Scand. J. Gastroent. 6: (Suppl. 9) 105–109, 1971.Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Ortmann, G. and Arnold, H.: Gallenstein-diagnostik mittels der Ultrasonographie (A-Bild). Vorläufige Mitteilung, Deutsch. Gesundh. 27: 268–269, 1972.Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    Páride Conte, V., Pinotti, H. W., de Brito, T. and Pontes, J. F.: Cholecystokinin cholecystogram in the diagnosis of the cystic duct syndrome, Am. J. Dig. Dis. 16: 971–975, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Payne, R. F.: Drip infusion cholangiography, Clin. Radiol. 19: 291–295, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Pemberton, L. B., Diffenbaugh, W. F. and Strohl, E. L.: The surgical significance of carcinoma of the gallbladder, Amer. J. Surg. 122: 381–383, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    Petersen, H.: Duodenal aspirate following secretin stimulation, a variance study in man, Scand. J. Gastroent. 4: 407–412, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. 117.
    Pokieser, H.: Angiographie bei Pankreaser-krankungen. Röntgen-Blätter 24: 281–288, 1971.Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    Ponka, J. L. and Uthappa, N. S.: Carcinoma of the ampulla of Vater, Amer. J. Surg. 121: 263–270, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    Reuter, S. R.: Superselective pancreatic angiography, Radiology 92: 74–85, 196gGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Reuter, S. R. and Cohn, H. J.: Selective administration of selenomethionine75-Se in pancreatic scanning, Radiology 92: 158–160, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Reuter, S. R., Redman, H. C. and Bookstein, J. J.: Angiography in carcinoma of the biliary tract, Brit. J. Radiol. 44: 636–641, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Ritchie, G. W., Jackson, D. C. and Eaglesham, H.: Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography: experience with 54 cases, Canad. Med. Ass. J. 100: 110–116, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Rohmann, H. W.: Röntgen-Darstellung der Gallenblase mit einem neuen Kontrastmittel (B 8560), Med. Welt 22: 1297–1298, 1971.Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Rösch, J.: Arteriography in the diagnosis of gallbladder disease, Radiology 92: 1485–1491, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. 125.
    Rosen, R. G., Garret, M. and Aka, E.: Cytologic diagnosis of pancreatic cancer by ductal aspiration, Ann. Surg. 167: 427–432, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    Ross, P. and Dutton, A. M.: Computer analysis of symptom complexes in patients having upper gastrointestinal examinations, Amer. J. Dig. Dis. 17: 248–254, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 127.
    Rötticher, R., Greiner, R. and Buchholz, V.: Perkutane transhepatische Cholangiographie. Ihre Bedeutung für die Lokalisierung des Abflusshindernisses beim Verschlussikterus nach Obserbauchoperationen, Deutsch. Med. Wschr. 96: 1844–1845, 1971.Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    Safrany, L.: Duodenoskopie, retrograde Cholangio-Pankreatographie, Schweiz. Med. Wschr. 102: 872–877, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Salmon, P. R., Brown, P., Htut, T. and Read, A. E.: Endoscopic examination of the duodenal bulb: clinical evaluation of forward and side viewing fiberoptic systems in 200 cases, Gut 13: 170–175, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 130.
    Sato, T., Saitoh, Y., Koyama, K. and Watanabe, K.: Preoperative determination of operability in carcinomas of the pancreas and the periampullary region, Ann. Surg. 168: 876–886, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 131.
    Sato, T., Watanabe, K., Saitoh, Y., Koyama, K. and Suda, Y.: Selective arteriography for gallbladder disease, Arch. Surg. 99: 598–605, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Schein, C. J.: Biliary endoscopy: An appraisal of its value in biliary lithiasis, Surgery 65: 1004–1006, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Schulenburg, C. A. R.: Operative cholangiography, Surgery 65: 723–739, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Schultz, H. B., Andersson, S. and Lagerlöf, H.: Pancreatic exocrine secretion in normal subjects studied by continuous infusion of pancreazymin and secretin, Scand. J. Gastroent. 4: 597–602, 1969.Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    Sear, H. S. and Friedenberg, M. J.: Simplified technique for tubeless hypotonic duodenography, Radiology 103: 210, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. 136.
    Seidel, D., Alaupovic, P. and Furman, R. H.: A lipoprotein characterizing obstructive jaundice. I Method for quantitative separation and identification of lipoproteins in jaundiced subjects, J. Clin. Invest. 48: 1211–1223, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Seidel, D., Alaupovic, P., Furman, R. H. and McConathy, W. J.: A lipoprotein characterizing obstructive jaundice. II Isolation and partial characterization of the protein moieties of low density lipoproteins, J. Clin. Invest. 49: 2396–2407, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Seyss, R.: Die Technik der präoperativen röntgenologischen Darstellung der Gallenwege, Med. Mschr. 25: 449–454, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Shikata, J.: Evaluation of biliary tract surgery cases with the aide of computer in special reference to the diagnostic problems in negative cholecystography cases, Geka (Surgery) 31: 379–385, 1969.Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    Shirota, A.: Recent advance in diagnosis and treatment of cholelithiasis in special reference to ultrasonic tomography, Jap. J. Surg. 1: 275–283, 1971.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Shore, J. M. and Berci, G.: The clinical importance of cholangioscopy, Endoscopy 2: 117–120, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Shore, J. M. and Shore, E.: Operative biliary endoscopy: experience with flexible choledochoscope in 100 consecutive choledocholithotomies, Ann. Surg. 171: 269–278, 1970.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Soloway, R. D., Carlson, H. C. and Schoenfield, L. J.: A balloon-occludable T-tube for cholangiography and quantitative collection and reinfusion of bile in man, J. Lab. Clin. Med. 79: 500–504, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. 144.
    Stage, P. and Banke, L.: Hypotonic duodenography, Gut 10: 428–437, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Stauber, R.: Zur Frage der Druckmessungen an den Gallenwegen, Deutsch. Med. Wschr. 93: 687–690, 1968.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Strack, P. R., Newman, H. K., Lerner, A. G., Green, S. H., Meng, C. H., Del Guercio, L. R. M. and State, D.: An integrated procedure for the rapid diagnosis of biliary obstruction, portal hypertension and liver disease of uncertain etiology, New Eng. J. Med. 285: 1225–1231, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    Sugahara, K., Ohno, H., Kashii, A., Manaka, J., Shirakura, T. and Okazaki, I.: Clinics of gallbladder cancer—its pathologic classification and consideration in surgical treatment, Geka (Surgery) 33: 1239–1245, 1971 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  148. 148.
    Suruga, K., Hirai, Y., Nagashima, K., Wagai, T. and Inui, M.: Ultrasonic echo examination as an aid in diagnosis of congenital bile duct lesions. J. Pediat. Surg. 4: 452–456, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. 149.
    Suzuki, T., Honjo, K., Hamamoto, T., Kousaka, T. and Torizuka, K.: Positive scintiphotography of cancer of the liver with Ga67 citrate, Amer. J. Roentgen. 113: 92–103, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Takagi, T., Go, T., Sugiura, M., Futagawa, S. and Hioki, R.: Fiberoptic duodenoscopy, Surgery 65: 597–602, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. 151.
    Takagi, T., Go, T., Takayasu, H., Aso, Y. and Hioki, R.: Small-caliber fiberscope for visualization of the urinary tract, biliary tract and spinal canal, Surgery 64: 1033–1038, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Takagi, K., Ikeda, S., Nakagawa, Y., Kumakura, K., Maruyama, M., Someya, N. Takada, T., Takekoshi, T. and Kin, T.: Endoscopic cannulation of the ampulla of Vater, Endoscopy 2: 107–115, 1970.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. 153.
    Takagi, K., Ikeda, S., Nakagawa, Y., Sakaguchi, N., Takahashi, T., Kumakura, K., Maruyama, M., Someya, N., Nakano, H., Takada, T., Takekoshi, T. and Kin, T.: Retrograde pancreatography and cholangiography by fiberduodenoscope. Gastroenterology 59: 445–452, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. 154.
    Takahashi, M.: Computer analysis of operative cases of biliary tract disease, Geka (Surgery) 33: 507–516, 1971 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Takao, T.: Studies on serum and urine bile acids under jaundiced conditions, Acta Med. Fukuoka 62: 833–851, 1971 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Tani, M. and Takeuchi, Y.: Experience with hypotonic duodenography in special reference to choledochal lesion, Geka (Surgery) 31: 1719–1724, 1969 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  157. 157.
    Templeton, A. W. and Stuber, J. L.: Abdominal and retroperitoneal sonography, Am. J. Roentgen. Med. 113: 741–748, 1971.Google Scholar
  158. 158.
    Tonouchi, S., Yoshida, M., Miura, N., Yoda, T., Yamaguchi, S. and Kakinoki, C.: Treatment of hepatolithiasis—application of biliary endoscopy, Geka (Surgery) 32: 32: 561–568, 1970 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Torizuka, K., Hamamoto, K., Morita, R., Mukai, T., Kousaka, T., Ito, K., Nakagawa, J. and Minaguchi, C.: Studies on liver function test with I131 BSP monoiodide and scinticamera, Amer. J. Roentgen. 113: 41–49, 1971.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. 160.
    Tsuchiya, S.: A study on the pancreatic scanning using75Se-selenomethionine, Nippon Acta Radiol. 28: 1143–1159, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. 161.
    Turner, F. W. and Costopoulos, L. B.: Percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography: a study of 115 cases, Canad. Med. Ass. J. 99: 513–521, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Wakai, T.: Diagnosis of biliary tract disease with ultrasonics, I to Chou (Stomach and Intestine) 5: 433–443, 1970 (in Japanese).Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Waldron, R. L. II: Reflux pancreatography: an evaluation of contrast agents for studying the pancreas, Amer. J. Roentgen. 104: 632–640, 1968.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Wehling, H. and Künkel, H. P.: Die perkutane transhepatische Cholangiographie in der Chirurgie. Unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Reoperationen am Gallengangssystem. Med. Welt 23: 720–723, 1972.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Weiner, M. and Hanafee, W. N.: A review of transjugular cholangiography, Radiol. Clin. N. Amer. 8: 53–68, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Whitesell, F. B. Jr. and McWilliams, T. G.: Valuable addition to the technic of operative cholangiography, Amer. J. Surg. 122: 135–136, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Wise, R. E.: The lateral view in cholangiography, Radiol. Clin. N. Amer. 8: 139–145, 1970.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Wormsley, K. G.: Response to secretin in man. Gastroenterology 54: 192–209, 1968.Google Scholar
  169. 169.
    Wormsley, K. G.: The response to infusion of a combination of secretin and pancreozymin in health and disease, Scand. J. Gastroent. 4: 623–632, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Yumoto, Y. and Namba, T.: Dynamic distribution study of hepatobiliary system with131I labelled BSP by aid of computer, Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi (Jap. J. Gastroent.) 68: 3–15, 1971 (in Japanese with English summary).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japan Surgical Society 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fumio Nakayama
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryKyushu University Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Health ScienceFukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations