The Japanese journal of surgery

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 103–108 | Cite as

Experimental gastric ulcers in the fundic gland area following transplantation of the gastric-wall pedicles

  • Yuhiko Kurata
  • Motomu Kodama
  • Haruo Ezaki


Using adult mongrel dogs, a portion of the anterior gastric wall of the pyloric gland area was transplanted into the fundic gland area using the Z-plastic procedure forming an islet. Three weeks postoperatively, 2 per cent histamine in sesame oil was injected intramuscularly in a daily dose of 2 mg/kg body weight. Ulcers developed in the graft in nine of 19 animals. The factors responsible to the development of the ulcers may well be circulatory disturbance and reduction of mucosal resistance following surgical insult, and continuous irritation caused by gastric juice. When a portion of the anterior gastric wall of the fundic gland area was transplanted into the fundic gland area followed by administration of histamine in sesame oil, ulcers developed in the graft only in four of 12 animals. Histological examination revealed the regenerated epithelium at the margin of the ulcers.

Thus the ulcers presently induced may provide an useful experimental model for ulcers in the fundic gland area.

Key Words

gastric-wall pedicle pyloric gland area fundic gland area Z-plastic procedure histamine ulcer in the fundic gland area 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Konjetzny, G.E.: Die Geschwürbildung im Magen, Duodenum und Jejunum. Perdinand Enke Verlag, Stuttgart, 1947.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Moe, R.E., Nyhus, L.M. and Harkins, H.N.: The use of dye for differentiating the gastric antrum from the gastric corpus.Bull. Soc. Int. Chir. 22: 424–434, 1963.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Oi, M., Ito, Y., Kumagai, F., Yoshida, K., Tanaka, Y., Yoshikawa, K., Miho, O. and Kijima, M.: A possible dual control mechanism in the origin of peptic ulcer.Gastroenterology 57: 280–293, 1969.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Oshikawa: Beiträge zur Histologie des Magens und der Magengeschwüre.Virch. Arch. 248: 217–251, 1924.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Puhl, H.: Über die Bedeutung entzündlicher Prozesse für die Entstehung des Ulcus ventriculi et duodeni.Virch. Arch. 260: 1–109, 1926.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shay, H. and Sun, D.C.H.: Etiology and pathology of gastric and duodenal ulcer. In Gastroenterology, ed. by Bockus, H.L., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders, 1960. 2nd ed. pp. 421–465.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Stoerk, O.: Zur Pathogenese der akuten Gastritis.Wien. Klin. Wochenschr. 38: 44–49, 1925.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yamagiwa, H., Ishihara, A. and Hamazaki, M.: Study on the gastric ulcer in the fundic gland area.Saishin Igaku (New Medicine) 30: 326–336, 1975 (in Japanese).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japan Surgical Society 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuhiko Kurata
    • 1
  • Motomu Kodama
    • 1
  • Haruo Ezaki
    • 1
  1. 1.Second Department of SurgeryHiroshima University School of MedicineHiroshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations