Metal Science and Heat Treatment

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 243–249 | Cite as

Surface hardening of twist drills

  • V. I. Shemegon
Hardening of Tools


The present review analyzes virtually all existing methods for surface hardening of twist drills and provides a brief characterization of each method and an evaluation of its efficiency.


Wear Resistance Surface Hardening White Layer Nitrided Layer Twist Drill 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    É. N. Dymova, “Cutting tools and tool materials,” in:Advances in Science and Technology, Ser. Cutting of Metals. Lathes and Tools. Vol. 5 [in Russian] (1979), pp. 254–305.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. I. Zhilis and A. V. Yurenaite, “Operation of high-speed twist drills in industry in the last 20 years,” in:Toolmaking in Lithuania, Coll. of Works, Vol. 2, [in Russian], Maklas, Vilnius (1980), pp. 94–102.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. I. Shemegon, “Effect of electrospark coatings on the cutting properties of twist drills,”Élektron. Obrab. Mater., No. 3, 85–87 (1990).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    V. I. Shemegon, “Workability of twist drills with electrospark coatings,”Tekhnol. Sudostr., No. 4, 26–28 (1991).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ya. D. Kogan, “Prospects for development of technologies for surface hardening of materials of machine parts and tools,”Metalloved. Term. Obrab. Met., No. 8, 5–9 (1993).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    V. I. Zhilis, “Tests of high-speed drills coated with titanium nitride,”Stanki Instr., No. 5, 33 (1984).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. G. Askakov, L. S. Brezhko, and V. B. Kravstov, “Operating efficiency of a Bulat-3T installation under industrial conditions,”Stanki Instr., No. 1, 21–22 (1981).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Yu. P. Prudnikov, V. P. Tabakov, and O. V. Korpilov, “Increasing the wear resistance of twist drills,”Stanki Instr., No. 1, 19–20 (1987).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. P. Kosorog and N. A. Fedotov, “Increasing the resistance of tools by the CIB method,”Khimich. Neft. Mashinostr., No. 7, 32–33 (1986).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. T. Yang and S. K. Ri, “Increasing the service life of drills by coating them with titanium nitride,”Trenie Iznos,7(1), 36–41 (1986).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. M. Matsevityi, V. M. Berestnev, M. S. Borushko, et al., “On the effect of nitride-titanium coatings on localization of the temperature field in friction,”Trenie Iznos,2(6), 1118–1120 (1981).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    “Leistungssteugerung von Werkzeugen aus Hochleistungschnellarbeitsstahl durch Titaniumnitred-Bedeckung Ritter Henming,”Sor Ration. Elektrotechn., Elektron,16(9), 203–208 (1987).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    O. N. Chkalova, O. A. Babenko, and V. A. Kas’yanchuk, “A study of the effect of the wear resistance of coatings on the operating properties of twist drills,”Dep. UkrNIINTI 04.01.88, No. 11-Uk88 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. K. Wright, “Correlation of tool wear mechanisms with sliphine fields for cutting,” in:Proc. Int. Conf. on Wear and Materials, San Francisco (1981), pp. 482–488.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Y. Naerheim and E. M. Trent, “Diffusion wear of cemented tools when cutting steel at high speeds,”Met. Technol., No. 12, 548–556 (1977).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    V. M. Matsevityi, B. A. Polyanin, M. S. Borushko, and L. M. Romanova, “A study of the friction and wear resistance of two-layer vacuum plasma coatings,”Elektron. Obrab. Mater., No. 3, 29–33 (1983).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu. G. Kabaldin, N. E. Kozhevnikov, and V. V. Seleznev, “Improvement of the wear resistance of tools,”Mashinostroitel, No. 9, 21 (1988).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Technology, Equipment, Organization, and Economics of the Machine Building Industry, Ser. “Cutting Materials” (Foreign Experience), Issue 4 [in Russian], Moscow (1987).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. Vogel, “PVD-Schichten für den Verschleißschutz von Werkzeugen,”VDI-Z,127(17), 691–696 (1985).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    W. E. Henderer, G. Thous, and B. F. Turkovich, “Tool-life of high-speed steel tools coated with titanium nitride by physical vapor deposition,” in:Mech. Prop. Perform. and Failure Modes Coat., Proc. 37th Melt. Mech. Failure Prew. Group, Nat. Bur. Stand., Gaithersburg, MD, May 1983.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Brandis and E. Haberling, “Einfluß des trägerwerkstoffes auf die schneidleistung hartstoffbeschteter Werkzeugen,”Thyssen Edelstahl Techn. Ber.,13(2), 83–92 (1987).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    V. I. Shemegon, “Strengthening blade tools by the method of electrospark alloying,”Stanki Instrum., No. 4, 19–20 (1986).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    A. A. Romanenko, N. N. Yatsenko, and G. A. Kudrya, “Special features of the technology of electrospark hardening of tools,”Tekhnol. Organiz. Proizv., No. 3, 52–54 (1977).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    V. F. Fedyukin, N. A. Trush, and P. A. Dmitriev, “Use of electrospark hardening of tools made of high-speed steels,”Tekhnol. Organiz. Proizv., No. 9, 54–55 (1975).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. M. Klimov, “Hardening equipment and cutting tools,”Obmen Proizv.-Tekhn. Opytom, No. 2, 30–31 (1987).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    A. A. Chernov and Yu. A. Borodkin, “Efficiency and areas of rational use of methods for improving the endurance of tools,” in:Sudostroit. Prom., Ser. Tekhnol. Organiz. Proizv. Sud. Mashinostr., Issue 7 [in Russian] (1987), pp. 49–52.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    V. S. D’yachenko, G. N. Tverdokhlebov, and A. A. Korostyleva, “Special features of laser treatment of tools made of high-speed steels,”Metalloved. Term. Obrab. Met., No. 9, 25–28 (1984).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    L. I. Mirkin,Physical Foundations of Treating Materials by Laser Beams [in Russian], Izd. MGU, Moscow (1975).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. A. Krishtal, A. A. Zhukov, and A. N. Kokora,Structure and Properties of Alloys Treated by Laser Beams [in Russian], Metallurgiya, Moscow (1973).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Yu. I. Kutanov and A. V. Gorbov, “Laser alloying of steel R6M5,”Peredovoi Opyt, No. 4, 37–39 (1985).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    V. D. Parkhomenko, M. V. Kryzhanovskii, É. D. Budyuk, and V. A. Somilo, “Plasma hardening of drills made of steel R6M5,”Tekhnol. Organiz. Proizv., No. 2, 55–56 (1989).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    V. P. Prichislenko, Yu. A. Kochnev, and N. A. Ryabinin, “Increasing the wear resistance of parts of equipment by the method of epilamination,”Obmen Opytom Radioprom, No. 2, 42–43 (1985).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    N. P. Starodub and I. M. Mukha, “Cutting tools with an elevated wear resistance for programmable machines,”Mashinostroitel’, No. 12, 21–22 (1985).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    L. M. Dzhelomanova,Advanced Methods for Depositing Wear-Resistant Coatings on Cutting Tools (A Review), [in Russian], NIIMash, Moscow (1979).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Yu. A. Geller,Tool Steels [in Russian], Metallurgiya, Moscow (1968).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Z. Rogalsk, “Oxynitrieren von Werkzeugen aus Schnellarbeitsstahl,”Schweirer Maschinenmark, No. 52, 16–19 (1975).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Methods of Surface Impregnation of Cutting and Forging Die Tools, Patent PRP No. 88732, Cl.23 C 11/00, Publ. 31.01.77.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    V. B. Raitses,Technology of Surface Impregnation in Machine-Building Plants [in Russian], Mashinostroenie, Moscow (1965).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Takase Takao, “Modern tendencies in the development of the technology of surface hardening,”Kunzoku Zairyo (Metals Eng.),17(5), 6–11 (1977).Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    A. Neuhaus, “Nitrieren von formenden und spanenden werkzeugen,”Drant-Fachreitschrift, No. 10, 475–476 (1977).Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    “Improving the wear resistance of tools by ion nitriding,”Kikai no Henkyn,29(2), 239–241 (1977).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    A. P. Smith and N. Gone, “Beschichten von HSS,”Werkrenden durch Jonennitrieren, Fertigung,9(2), 43–46 (1978).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    V. Korotchenko and T. Bell, “Applications of plasma nitriding in UK manufacturing industries,”Heat Treat. Met.,45(4), 88–94 (1978).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    “Plasma nitriding in Caerphilly,”Metallurgia,45(4), 207 (1978).Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    G. K. Svirinskii, “Effect of cyaniding on the strength of high-speed steel,”Metalloved. Term. Obrab. Met., No. 1, 70–71 (1976).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    T. L. Elliot, “Surface hardening,”Tribol. Int.,11(2), 121–125 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    B. G. Kalmykov, D. A. Prokoshkin, and V. G. Gritsai, “A study of the wear resistance of high-speed steels after carbonitriding,” in:Chemical Treatment of Metals and Alloys [in Russian], Bel-NIINTI, Minsk (1977), pp. 196–197.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    A. I. Yuditskii and A. N. Dorofeeva, “Increasing the life of metal-cutting tools made of high-speed steel,”Tekhnol. Organiz. Proizv., No. 9, 38–39 (1976).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    A. P. Borisenko, V. D. Dubko, and A. L. Prokopets, “Surface impregnation of cutting tools made of high-speed steel,”Tekhnol. Organiz. Proizv., No. 3, 38–40 (1977).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Yu. M. Lakhtin, Ya. D. Kogan, T. I. Shpis, and Z. M. Bremer,The Theory and Technology of Nitriding [in Russian], Metallurgiya, Moscow (1991).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    W. Stein and S. W. Stramke, “Eltropuls-Plasma-Nitrieren. Fachber. Hutfenprax,”Metall,25(9), 796–798 (1987).Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    “Eltropuls-Plasma-Nitrieren von stälen mit Nitrider Anlagtemperature fachber,”Höttmetall,25(12), 1227 (1987).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Yu. M. Lakhtin, “Current state of the nitriding process,”Metalloved. Term. Obrab. Met., No. 7, 6–11 (1993).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    A. N. Taraso, “Vacuum surface impregnation of small cutting tools,”Stanki Instr., No. 5, 20–22 (1993).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. I. Shemegon
    • 1
  1. 1.Dal’dizel’ PlantKhabarovskRussia

Personalised recommendations