Journal für Ornithologie

, Volume 144, Issue 2, pp 176–185 | Cite as

A mtDNA phylogeny of bustards (family Otididae) based on nucleotide sequences of the cytochromeb-gene

  • Olaf Broders
  • Tim Osborne
  • Michael Wink
Article

Summary

Phylogenetic relationships of the bustard generaOtis, Ardeotis, Afrotis, Chlamydotis, Eupodotis, Lophotis, andTetrax were inferred from nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochromeb gene (1143 bp).Otis/Chlamydotis, Ardeotis/Eupodotis meppellii, andLophotis/Tetrax cluster as sibling taxa both in MP and ML reconstructions. The genusEupodotis appears to be polyphyletic. In the genusChlamydotis two distinct groups are apparent,C. u. undulata/C. u. fuertaventurae andC. u. macqueenii. In the case of Cm.macqueenii birds from Sinai show a distinct haplotype. Because of substantial genetic, morphological and behavioural differences, it is suggested attributing species rank toC. undulata undC. macqueenii.

Keywords

Otididae mtDNA cytochromeb phylogenetic analysis 

Rekonstruktion der Trappenphylogenie (Familie Otididae) anhand von Nucleotidsequenzen des mitochondrialen Cytochrom-b Gens

Zusammenfassung

Phylogenetische Beziehungen zwischen den TrappengeneraOtis, Ardeotis, Afrotis, Chlamydotis, Eupodotis, Lophotis, undTetrax wurden anhand von Nucleotidsequenzen des mitochondrialen Cytochrom b Gens (1143 Basenpaare) ermittelt. In Maximum Parsimony und Maximum Likelihood Rekonstruktionen clustemOtis/Chlamydotis, Ardeotis/ Eupodotis meppellii, undLophotis/Tetrax als Schwestertaxa. Die GattungEupodotis bildet offenbar eine polyphyletische Gruppe. Innerhalb der GattungChlamydotis lassen sich zwei distinkte Entwicklungslinien erkennen,C. u. undulata/C. u. fuertaventurae undC. u. macqueenii. Innerhalb von Cm.macqueenii weisen die Trappen des Sinai-Gebietes einen eigenen Haplotyp auf. Da sich die beiden Entwicklungslinien durch klare genetische, morphologische und ethologische Merkmale unterscheiden, ware es sinnvoll,C. undulata undC. macqueenii als distinkte Arten zu behandeln.

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Copyright information

© Deutsche Ornithologen-Gesellschaft/Blackwell Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Olaf Broders
    • 1
  • Tim Osborne
    • 2
  • Michael Wink
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Pharmazie und Molekulare BiotechnologieUniversität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany
  2. 2.Winpoort FarmNamibia

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