, 39:115 | Cite as

Abundance and diversity of microfungi in three coastal beaches of Mexico

  • María del Carmen González
  • Teófilo Herrera
  • Miguel Ulloa
  • Richard T. Hanlin
Original Papers


The abundance and diversity of species of microfungi was investigated on the beaches of Delfines, Km 24 Veracruz-Alvarado Highway, and El Coco, located on the coasts of the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific Ocean, respectively. On each beach a sample composed of sand, subtidal wood or washed-up detritus with moist sand was collected. The samples were analyzed by three different methods, resulting in a total of 1,160 occurrences that fluctuated between 340 and 441 occurrences/sample. The number of species/sample fluctuated between 20 and 32. A total of 52 species was found, of which 12 were marine, and 40 nomarine, of terrestrial origin, and of these 15 were ascomycetes, 34 were hyphomycetes, 2 were blastomycetes and one was a coelomycete. The abundance distribution showed few species with high or low values, with the greates proportion having intermediate values. In order to compare species diversity among the samples frequency curves were utilized, based on the number of species expected from samples taken at random; the results showed that the beach at El Coco was richest in species.

Key Words

arenicolous mycobiota marine fungi species richness 

Literature cited

  1. Barron, G. L. 1971. Soil fungi. In: Methods in microbiology, vol. 4 (ed. by Booth, C.), pp. 405–427. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  2. Bills, G. and Polishoot, J. 1994. Abundance and diversity of microfungi in leaf litter of a lowland rain forest, in Costa Rica. Mycologia86: 187–198.Google Scholar
  3. Booth, C. 1971. Fungal culture media. In: Methods in microbiology, vol. 4 (ed. by Booth, C.), pp. 49–94. Academic Press, London.Google Scholar
  4. Booth, T. 1981. Lignicolous and zoosporic-fungi in marine environments of Hudson Bay. Can. J. Bot.59: 1867–1881.Google Scholar
  5. Carranza-Edwards, A. and Caso-Chávez, M. 1994. Zonificación del perfil de playa. Geounam2: 26–32.Google Scholar
  6. Dighton, J. 1995. Nutrient cycling in different terrestrial ecosystems in relation to fungi. Can. J. Bot.75: 1349–1360.Google Scholar
  7. Dunn, P. and Baker, G. 1983. Filamentous fungi of the psammon habitat at Enewetak Atoll, Marshall Islands. Mycologia75: 839–853.Google Scholar
  8. Farrant, C., Hyde, K. and Jones, E. B. G. 1985. Further studies on lignicolous marine fungi from Danish sand dunes. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc.85: 164–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Genilloud, O., Peláez, F., González, I. and Diez, M. 1994. Diversity of actinomycetes and fungi on seaweeds from the Iberian coasts. Microbiología (Madrid)10: 413–422.Google Scholar
  10. González, M. C. and Herrera, T. 1993. Micromicetes endopsamófilos de Barra de Navidad, Jalisco, México. Rev. Mex. Mic.9: 19–33.Google Scholar
  11. Grant, W., Atkinson, M., Burke, B. and Molloy, C. 1996. Chitinolysis by the marine ascomyceteCorollospora maritima Werdermann: purification and properties of a chitobiosidase. Bot. Mar.39: 177–186.Google Scholar
  12. Heck, K., Belle, G. and Simberloff, D. 1975. Explicit calculation of the rarefaction diversity measurement and determination of sufficient sample size. Ecology56: 1459–1461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hurulbert, S. 1971. The nonconcept of species diversity: a critique and alternatives parameters. Ecology52: 577–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hyde, K. 1992. Intertidial mangrove fungi from the tropics. Mycologia60: 252–269.Google Scholar
  15. Hyde, K., Farrant, C. and Jones, E. B. G. 1987. Isolation and culture of marine fungi. Bot. Mar.30: 291–303.Google Scholar
  16. Jones, E. B. G. 1995. Ultrastructure and taxonomy of the aquatic ascomycetous order Halosphaeriales Can. J. Bot.73: 790–801.Google Scholar
  17. Kirk, P. W. 1983. Direct enumeration of marine arenicolous fungi. Mycologia75: 670–682.Google Scholar
  18. Koch, J. 1974. Marine fungi on driftwood from the west coast of Jutland, Denmark. Friesia10: 209–250.Google Scholar
  19. Koehn, R. 1979. A new checklist of mycelial fungi from marine habitats of Mustang Island, Texas. Southw. Nat.24: 365–369.Google Scholar
  20. Kohlmeyer, J. 1966. Ecological observations on arenicolous marine fungi. Zentrl. All. Mikrobiol.6: 95–106.Google Scholar
  21. Kohlmeyer, J. 1968. Marine fungi from the Tropics. Mycologia60: 252–269.Google Scholar
  22. Kohlmeyer, J. 1980. Tropical and subtropical filamentous fungi of the western Atlantic Ocean. Bot. Mar.23: 529–544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kohlmeyer, J. 1984. Tropical marine fungi. Mar. Ecol5: 329–378.Google Scholar
  24. Kohlmeyer, J. and Kohlmeyer, E. 1971. Marine fungi from tropical America and Africa. Mycologia63: 831–861.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Kohlmeyer, J. and Kohlmeyer, E. 1979. Marine mycology: The higher fungi. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  26. Kohlmeyer, J. and Volkmann-Kohlmeyer, B. 1997. A newCorollospora from California beaches. Bot. Mar.40: 225–228.Google Scholar
  27. Lewis, W. 1977. Ecology field glossary: a naturalist's vocabulary. Greenwood Press, Westport.Google Scholar
  28. Ludwig, J. and Reynolds, J. 1988. Statistical ecology. A primer on methods and computing. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  29. Miller, S. 1995. Functional diversity in fungi. Can. J. Bot.73: 50–57.Google Scholar
  30. Nakagiri, A. and Tubaki, K. 1982. A new marine ascomycete and its anamorph from Japan. Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan23: 101–110.Google Scholar
  31. Newell, S. Y. and Fell, J. W. 1980. Mycoflora of turtle grass (Thalassia testudinum Konig) is recorded after sea-water incubation. Bot. Mar.23: 265–275.Google Scholar
  32. Pirozynski, K. A. 1968. Geographical distribution of fungi. In: The fungi: An advanced treatise, vol. 3 (ed. by Ainsworth, G. and Sussman, A. S.), pp. 487–504. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  33. Rees, G. and Jones, E. B. G. 1985. The fungi of a coastal sand dune system. Bot. Mar.28: 213–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sørensen, T. 1948. A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species content and its application to analysis of the vegetation on Danish commons. Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Biol. Skr.5: 1–34.Google Scholar
  35. Sundari, R. S., Vikineswary, S., Yusoff, M. and Jones, E. B. G. 1996.Corollospora besarispora, a new arenicolous marine fungus from Malaysia. Mycol. Res.100: 1259–1262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Tokura, R. 1982. Arenicolous marine fungi from Japanese beaches. Trans. Mycol. Soc. Japan23: 423–433.Google Scholar
  37. Tokura, R. 1984. Sand-inhabiting marine fungi from Japanese beaches. Bot. Mar.27: 567–569.Google Scholar
  38. Wagner-Merner, D. 1972. Arenicolous fungi from the south and central gulf coast of Florida. Nova Hedwigia23: 915–922.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Mycological Society of Japan 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • María del Carmen González
    • 1
  • Teófilo Herrera
    • 1
  • Miguel Ulloa
    • 1
  • Richard T. Hanlin
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Botánica, Instituto de BiologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMéxicoMéxico
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

Personalised recommendations