Geo-Marine Letters

, 1:155 | Cite as

Beach nourishment, a practical method of erosion control

  • Charles W. Finkl


Artificial beach nourishment, the placing of sand onto eroded beaches, is increasingly employed by coastal engineers as an alternative to structural control of shoreline erosion. Man-made beaches approximating natural forms and processes offer greater protection against storms than eroded beaches and provide increased recreational opportunities. It is hoped that maintenance nourishment will keep pace with subsidence and eustatic rise in sea level, primary causes of beach erosion. Even though negative impacts of beach restoration may be short-lived and limited in scope, sound ecological engineering practices require careful monitoring of dredging operations.


Beach Sandy Beach Army Corps Barrier Island Coastal Engineer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. [1]
    Kaufman, W., and Pilkey, O., 1979. The Beaches are Moving. Anchor/Doubleday, Garden City, NY, 326 p.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    McCormick, C. L., 1973. Probable causes of shoreline recession and advance on the south shore of eastern Long Island. In: D. R. Coates (ed.), Coastal Geomorphology. State University of New York, Binghamton, NY, p. 61–71.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Meijer, H., 1978. The South-West Netherlands. Smiet-Offset B.V., The Hague, 60 p.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Hall, J. V., 1952. Artificially nourished and constructed beaches. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Beach Erosion Board Technical Memorandum Number 29.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Gee, H. C., 1965. Beach nourishment from offshore sources. Am. Soc. Civil Engineers, Div. and Jour. of Waterways and Harbors, v.91, p. 1–5.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    El-Ashry, M. T., 1977. Air Photography and Coastal Problems. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg, Pa., 425 p.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Stamp, D. L., 1939. Recent coastal changes in south-eastern England, V. Some economic aspects of coastal loss and gain. Geographical Jour., v.93, p. 496–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Hayden, B., and Dolan, R., 1974. Management of highly dynamic coastal areas of the National Park Service. Coastal Zone Management Jour., v.1, p. 133–139.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Fisher, J. S., and Dolan, R. (eds.), 1977. Beach Processes and Coastal Hydrodynamics. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross. Stroudsburg, Pa., 382 p.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Zenkovich, V. P., 1967. Processes in Coastal Development. Wiley-Interscience. New York, 738 p.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Komar, P. D., 1976. Beach Processes and Sedimentation. Prentice-Hall. Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 429 p.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Otvos, E. G., Jr., 1979. Barrier island evaluation and history of migration, north central Gulf Coast. In: S. P. Leatherman (ed.), Barrier Islands. Academic, New York, p. 291–319.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Dolan, R., 1976. Barrier beachfronts, Tech. Proc. 1976 Barrier Islands Workshop, Annapolis, maryland, p. 76–85.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    El-Ashry, M. T., 1971. Causes of recent increased erosion along United States shorelines. Geol. Soc. America Bull., v.82, p. 2033–2038.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    Fenneman, N. M., 1902. Development of the profile of equilibrium of the subaqueous shore terrace. Jour. Geology, v.10, p. 1–32.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    Tanner, W. F., 1958. The equilibrium beach? Am. Geophys. Union Trans., v.39, p. 889–891.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Cambers, G., 1976. Temporal scales in coastal erosion systems. Inst. British Geographers Trans., v.1, p. 246–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Fairbridge, R. W., 1974. The Holocene sea-level record in south Florida. Miami Geol. Soc. Memoir Number2, p. 223–232.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Bruun, P. F., 1954. Coast erosion and the development of beach profiles. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Beach Erosion Board Technical Memo Number 44.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Schwartz, M., 1967. The Bruun theory of sea-level rise as a cause of shore erosion. Jour. Geology, v.75, p. 76–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Bruun, P. F., 1962. Sea-level rise as a cause of shore erosion. Am. Soc. Civil Engineers, Div. and Jour. of Waterways and Harbors, v.88, p. 117–130.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Coastal Engineering Staff, 1973. Shore Protection Manual. U.S. Army Coastal Engineering Research Center, Vicksburg, Miss., 3 Vols.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Soucie, G., 1973. Where the beaches have been going: into the ocean—ironically hastened by man-made remedies. Smithsonian, v.4, p. 54.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    Shuisky, Y. D. and Schwartz, M. L., 1979. Natural laws in the development of artificial sandy beaches. Shore and Beach, v.47, p. 33–36.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Adams, J. W. R., 1981. Florida’s beach program at the crossroads. Shore and Beach, v.49, p. 10–14.Google Scholar
  26. [26]
    Marsh, G. A., and Turbeville, D. B., 1981. The environmental impact of beach nourishment: two studies in southeastern Florida. Shore and Beach, v.49, p. 40–44.Google Scholar
  27. [27]
    Duane, D. B., and Meisburger, E. P., 1969. Geomorphology and sediments of the nearshore continental shelf Miami to Palm Beach, Florida. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Coastal Engineering Research Center Technical Memorandum Number 29.Google Scholar
  28. [28]
    Pearson, D. R., and Riggs, S. R., 1981. Relationships of surface sediments on the lower forebeach and nearshore shelf to beach nourishment at Wrightsville Beach, North Carolina. Shore and Beach, v.49, p. 26–31.Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    Courtenay, W. R., Jr. and others, 1974. Ecological monitoring of beach erosion control projects, Broward County, Florida, and adjacent areas. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Coastal Engineering Research Center Technical Memorandum Number 41.Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Raymond, W. F., 1978. Reef Damage Survey of John U. Lloyd Beach Restoration Project. D. E. Britt Associates, Fort Lauderdale, FL: 51 p. (Interim Report to Broward County Erosion Prevention District)Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    Courtenay, W. R., Jr., Hartig, B. C., and Loisel, G. R., 1980. Ecological evaluation of a beach nourishment project at Hallandale (Broward County), Florida. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Coastal Research Center Miscellaneous Report Number 80-1.Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    Thompson, J. R., 1973. Ecological effects of offshore dredging and beach nourishment: A review. U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Coastal Engineering Research Center Miscellaneous Paper Number 1-73.Google Scholar
  33. [33]
    Loya, Y., 1976. Reconolization of Red Sea corals affected by natural catastrophies and man-made perturbations. Ecology, v.57, p. 278–289.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© A.M. Dowden, Inc. 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles W. Finkl
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Coastal StudiesNova UniversityPort Everglades

Personalised recommendations