Advertisement

Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 687–694 | Cite as

Visual evoked potentials in humans during recognition of emotional facial expressions

  • E. S. Mikhailova
  • D. V. Davydov
Article

Abstract

Visual evoked potentials were recorded from the occipital, parietal, central, frontal, and posterior temporal areas of the cortex during recognition of emotionally positive, negative and neutral facial expressions and during passive observation in 22 right-handed healthy subjects. These studies showed that in the posterior temporal areas, the latencies of the N90, P150, and N180 waves of potentials evoked by faces with emotionally negative expressions were significantly shorter than those evoked by other types of facial stimuli. Differences were seen both on recognition and during passive observation. Correct recognition involved both hemispheres and was characterized by high levels of interhemisphere temporal correlation of the processes occurring during the development of the P150 wave in the posterior temporal and the N180 wave in the frontal parts of the cortex. The possible relationship of these data to primary subthreshold recognition of facial expressions in the posterior temporal fields of the cortex is discussed, as is the role of the frontal cortex in completing this process and in taking the correct decision about the nature of the image.

Keywords

Facial Expression Facial Image Visual Evoke Potential Evoke Potential Correct Recognition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    N. N. Bragina and T. A. Dobrokhotova,Functional Asymmetry in Humans [in Russian], Meditsina, Moscow (1988), pp. 203–219.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    V. D. Glezer,Vision and Thought [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1983), p. 246.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. E. Izard,Human Emotions [in Russian], Moscow State University Press, Moscow (1980), pp. 80–92.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    É. A. Kostandov,Functional Asymmetry between the Cerebral Hemispheres and Unconscious Perception [in Russian], Nauka, Moscow (1983), p. 171.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    E. S. Mikhailova, D. V. Davydov, and A. N. Morgunkova, “Interhemisphere asymmetry of topographic maps of visual evoked potentials during recognition of emotional facial expressions,”Fiziologiya Cheloveka,22, No. 5, 92–98 (1996).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. A. Nevskaya and L. I. Leushina,Asymmetry between the Cerebral Hemispheres and the Recognition of Visual Objects [in Russian], Nauka, Leningrad (1990), p. 136.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    H. Begleiter, B. Porjesz, and W. Wang, “Event-related potentials differentiate priming and recognition to familiar and unfamiliar faces,”EEG Clin. Neurophysiol.,94, 342–351 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. C. Borod, “Interhemispheric and intrahemispheric control of emotion: a focus on unilateral brain damage,”J. Consult. Clin. Psychol.,60, 339–348 (1992).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. A. Carlesimo, and C. Caltagirone, “Components in the visual processing of known and unknown faces,”J. Clin. Exptl. Neuropsychol.,17, No. 5, 691–705 (1995).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    R. J. Erwin, R. C. Gur, R. E. Gur, et al., “Facial emotions discrimination: task construction and behavioural findings in normal subjects,”Psychiatr. Res.,42, 231–240 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. C. Gur, R. J. Erwin, R. E. Gur, et al., “Facial emotion discrimination: II. Behavioural findings in depression,”Psychiatr. Res.,42, 241–251 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. C. Hansen and S. A. Hillyard, “Endogenous brain potentials associated with selective auditory attention,”EEG Clin. Neurophysiol.,49, 277–290 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    C. Heimberg, R. E. Gur, R. J. Erwin, et al., “Facial emotion discrimination: III. Behavioral findings in schizophrenia,”Psychiatr. Res.,42, 253–265 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Hornak, E. T. Rolls, and D. Wade, “Face and voice expression identification in patients with emotional and behavioral changes following ventral frontal lobe damage,”Neuropsychologia,34, 247–261 (1996).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Hugdahle, P. M. Iversen, H.-M. Ness, et al., “Hemispheric differences in recognition of facial expressions: a VHF-study of negative, positive, and neutral emotions,”J. Neurosci.,45, 205–213 (1989).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    D. A. Jeffreys, “A face-responsive potential recorded from the human scalp,”Exptl. Brain Res.,78, 193–202 (1989).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    S. F. Lang, C. A. Nelson, and P. F. Collins, “Event-related potentials to emotional and neutral stimuli,”J. Clin. Exptl. Neuropsychol.,12, 946–958 (1990).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. Laurian, M. Bader, J. Lanares, et al., “Topography of event-related potentials elicited by visual emotional stimuli,”Int. J. Psychophysiol.,10, 231–238 (1991).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    J. Levy and C. Trevarthen, “Metacontrol of hemispheric function in human split brain patients,”J. Exptl. Psychol.: Human Percept. Perform.,2, 299–312 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    D. Lovrich, P. Simson, H. Vaughan, et al., “Topography of visual event-related potentials during geometric and phonetic discrimination,”EEG Clin. Neurophysiol.,65, 1–12 (1986).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    R. Naatanen, “The role of attention in auditory information processing as revealed by event-related potential and other brain measures of cognitive function,”Behav. Brain Soc.,12, 201–288 (1990).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. J. Parkin and P. Williamson, “Cerebral lateralisation at different stages of facial processing,”Cortex,23, 99–110 (1982).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    T. Pictarian, “Origins and processing of facial expression,” in:Handbook Research of Face Processing, A. W. Young and H. D. Ellis (Eds.), Elsevier, Amsterdam (1989), pp. 171–175.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. A. Pineda, G. Sebestyen, and C. Nava, “Face recognition as a function of social attention in non-human primates: an ERP study,”Behav. Brain Res.,2, 1–12 (1994).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    W. Ritter, R. Simson, H. Vaughan, et al., “Manipulation of event-related potential manifestations of information processing stages,”Science,218, No. 4575, 909–911 (1982).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    E. T. Roll, “Neurophysiological mechanisms underlying face processing within and beyond the temporal cortical visual areas,”Phil Trans Roy Soc. Lond. (Biol.),335, 11–21 (1992).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    S. Spence, D. Shapiro, and E. Zaidel, “The role of the right hemisphere in the physiological and cognitive components of emotional processing,”Psychophysiology,33, 112–122 (1992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. S. Mikhailova
  • D. V. Davydov
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Mental HealthRussian Academy of Medical SciencesMoscow

Personalised recommendations