Advertisement

Critical Criminology

, Volume 9, Issue 1–2, pp 9–21 | Cite as

Ideology and dangerousness: The case of Lisa Colleen neve

  • Matthew G. Yeager
Essays

Abstract

On November 17, 1994, a superior court judge in Alberta, Canada, declared that Lisa Neve was a dangerous offender (DO) and sentenced her to serve an indeterminate (life) term. A young Aboriginal prostitute, she had been in and out of psychiatric institutions and jails since a teenager; and was before the court for sentence on a robbery and assault with a weapon charge.

Using a case study approach, this essay explores the issues of class conflict, racism, sexism, and sociology of psychiatric diagnosis. Her DO designation was subsequently reversed on appeal, revealing the fortuitous intersection of race, gender, and class.

Keywords

Homeless Youth Moral Panic Young Offender Female Offender Critical Criminology 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Axon, Lee. 1989.Criminal Justice and Women: An International Survey. Ottawa: Corrections Branch, Ministry of the Solicitor General for CanadaGoogle Scholar
  2. Badgley Committee. 1984.Sexual Offenses Against Children: Report of the Committee on Sexual Offenses against Children. Ottawa: Ministry of Supply and Services CanadaGoogle Scholar
  3. Baskin, Deborah R. and Ira Sommers. 1998.Casualities of Community Disorder: Women's Careers in Violent Crime. Bonlder, Colorado: Westview PressGoogle Scholar
  4. Berzins, Lorraine. 1983.A Study of the Dangerous Offender Legislation: October 1977 to March 1983. Ottawa: Policy, Planning and Administrative Branch, Correctional Service of Canada, Solicitor General of Canada.Google Scholar
  5. Bracey, Dorothy H. 1979Baby-Pro: Preliminary Profiles of Juvenile Prostitutes. New York City. John Jay College of Criminal Justice, Monograph No. 12Google Scholar
  6. Carlen, Pat. 1988.Women, Crime, and Poverty. Philadelphia: Open University PressGoogle Scholar
  7. Caputo, Tullio, Colleen Ryan and Diane Proulx. 1991.Children and Youth at Risk: A Working Bibliography. Ottawa: Solicitor General of Canada, No. 1991-09Google Scholar
  8. Chesney-Lind, Meda, 1997.The Female Offender. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  9. Coulter, Diana, 1993. ‘City Lawyers “Tainted” Pimp's Trial, Defense Alleges,’Edmonton Journal January 14, 1993, p. B1Google Scholar
  10. Dell, Colleen Anne. 1999 ‘The “Premeditated” Creation of the “Violent” Female Offender in Canada,”Alternate Routes, 15: 83–116Google Scholar
  11. Denzin, Norman K. 1970.Sociological Methods. Chicago: Aldine Publishing CompanyGoogle Scholar
  12. Faith, Karlene. 1993.Unruly Women. Vancouver, Press Gang PublishingGoogle Scholar
  13. Foucault, Michel. 1977.Discipline and Punish. New York: PantheonGoogle Scholar
  14. Gelsthorpe, Loraine. 1989.Sexism and the Female Offender. Aldeershot: GowerGoogle Scholar
  15. Gora, J. 1982.The New Female Criminal: Empirical Reality or Social Myth? New York: PraegerGoogle Scholar
  16. Gordon, David M. 1971. Class and the Economics of Crime,’The Review of Radical Political Economics, 3 (3): 50–75Google Scholar
  17. Gordon, David M. 1977.Problems in Political Economy: An Urban Perspective. Lexington, MA: D.C. Heath & CoGoogle Scholar
  18. Hall, Stuart, Chas Gritcher, Tony Jefferson, John Clarke and Brian Roberts. 1978.Policing the Crisis: Mugging, the State, and Law and Order. London: MacMillan Press Ltd.Google Scholar
  19. Hare, Robert D., 1980. A Research Scale for the Assessment of Psychopathy in Criminal Populations,’Personality and Individual Differences, 1: 111–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hare, Robert D. and Leslie McPherson. 1984. ‘Violent and Aggressive Behavior by Criminal Psychopaths,’International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 7: 35–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hatty, Suzanne E., Nanette J. Davis and Stuart Burke. 1996. ‘Victimization of Homeless Youth: Public and Private Regimes of Control,” Pp. 159–192 in Martin Schwartz and Dragan Milovanovic (eds)Race, Gender, and Class in Criminology: The Intersection. New York: Garland PublishingGoogle Scholar
  22. Housser, Steve. 1998. ‘Teens Tell Chilling Tales of Life in Sex Trade,”Globe and Mail, March 9, 1998, p. A5Google Scholar
  23. Inciardi, James, Ruth Horowitz and Anne Pottieger. 1993.Street Kids, Street Drugs, Street Crime: An Examination of Drug Use and Serious Delinquency. in Miami. Belmont, California: WadsworthGoogle Scholar
  24. Kershaw, Anne with L. Lasovich. 1991.Rock-a-Bye Baby: A Death Behind Bars. Toronto: McClelland & StewartGoogle Scholar
  25. Klein, Dorie. 1973. ‘The Etiology of Female, Crime: A Review of the Literature,’Issues in Criminology, 8 (2): 3–30Google Scholar
  26. Koopman, P. R. S. 1985. ‘The Dangerous Offenders in Canada: A Case Study,’ An unpublished paper presented at University of Victoria, Victoria, AprilGoogle Scholar
  27. LaPrairie, Carol. 1987. ‘Native Women and Crime in Canada: A Theoretical Model,’ Pp. 103–112 in E. Adelberg and C. Currie (eds.)Too Few to Count: Canadian Women in Conflict with the Law. Vancouver: Press Gang PublishingGoogle Scholar
  28. Lynch, Michael J. 1996. ‘Class, Race, Gender and Criminology: Structured Choices and the Life Course,’ Pp. 3–28 in Martin Schwartz and Dragan Milovanovic. (eds)Race, Gender, and Class in Criminology: The Intersection. New York: Garland PublishingGoogle Scholar
  29. Mahoney, Jill. 1999 ‘Women Freed of Dangerous Offender Label,Globe and Mail, 30 June: A3Google Scholar
  30. Makin, Kirk. 1996. ‘The Plight of Canada's Dangerous Offenders,’Globe and Mail, 20 July: A1 & A7Google Scholar
  31. Marcus, Anthony M. 1966. ‘A Multi-Disciplinary Two Part Study of Those Individuals Designated Dangerous Sexual Offenders Held in Federal Custody in British Columbia, Canada,’Canadian Journal of Corrections, 8 (2): 90–103Google Scholar
  32. Marcus, Anthony and C. Conway. 1969. ‘Dangerous Sexual Offender Project,’Canadian Journal of Corrections, 11 (3): 198–205Google Scholar
  33. Marcus, Anthony. 1971.Nothing is My Number. Toronto: General Publishing CompanyGoogle Scholar
  34. McCarthy, William. 1990. ‘Life on the Street: Serious Theft, Drug Selling and Prostitution among Homeless Youth,’Dissertation Abstracts International, 51, 4, 1397AGoogle Scholar
  35. McKeen, Scott. 1994a. ‘I Have Dreams, a Life beyond these Walls,’Edmonton Journal, November 19, 1994, p. B1Google Scholar
  36. McKeen, Scott. 1994b. ‘Dangerous Offender Ruling for Lisa Unjust, parent say,’Edmonton Journal, November 22, 1994, p. B3Google Scholar
  37. McKeen, Scott. 1994c, ‘“Shocked’ Lisa Neve Branded Dangerous,’Edmonton Journal, November 18, 1994, p. A16Google Scholar
  38. McLeod, Eileen. 1982.Women Working: Prostitution Now. London: Croom HelmGoogle Scholar
  39. Menzies, Robert. 1977. ‘Dangerous Sexual Offender Legislation in Canada: A Critical Evaluation,’ An unpublished paper presented at the Centre of Criminology, University of Toronto, MayGoogle Scholar
  40. Miller, Eleanor M. 1986.Street Woman. Philadelphia: Temple University PressGoogle Scholar
  41. Neve Lisa. 1994. ‘Lisa Colleen Neve: Chronology,’ Exhibit inRegina v Lisa Colleen Neve Edmonton, Alberta: Court of Queens's Bench, Dangerous Offender trialGoogle Scholar
  42. Noyes v National Parole Board 1994 72 F.T.R. 125 (F.C.T.D.)Google Scholar
  43. Patton, Michael Q 1980Qualitative Evaluation Methods. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage PublishingGoogle Scholar
  44. Pearson, Patricia. 1997.When She Was Bad: Violent Women and the Myth of Innocence. Toronto: Random House of CanadaGoogle Scholar
  45. Petrunik, Michael. 1984.The Making of Dangerous Offenders: The Origins, Diffusion, and Use of Legislation for Dangerous Offenders in Europe and North America. Ottawa: Solicitor General of CanadaGoogle Scholar
  46. Pfohl, Stephen J. 1978.Predicting Dangerousness. Lexington, Massachusetts: Lexington BooksGoogle Scholar
  47. Regina v Carleton. 1981. 23 C.R. (3d) 129 (Alta. C.A.), aff'd (1983) 2 S C.R. 58Google Scholar
  48. Regina v Currie. 1997. 115 C.C.C. (3d) 205 (S.C.C.); 2 R.C.S. 260Google Scholar
  49. Regina v Lisa Colleen Neve. 1994a. 157 A.R. 182Google Scholar
  50. Regina v Lisa Colleen Neve. 1994b. 160 A.R. 255Google Scholar
  51. Regina v Lisa Colleen Neve. 1996a. Edmonton, Alberta: Application to the Court for Intervenor Status. Alberta Court of Appeal. No. 9403-0882-A, field February 25, 1996Google Scholar
  52. Regina v Lisa Colleen Neve. 1996b. 108 C.C.C. (3d) 126Google Scholar
  53. Regina v Lisa Colleen Neve. 1997a. Edmonton, Alberta: Brief of Appellant Neve as to sentence before the Alberta Court of Appeal, No. 9403-0882-AGoogle Scholar
  54. Regina v Lisa Colleen Neve. 1997b. Edmonton, Alberta: Crown Brief as to sentence before the Alberta Court of Appeal, No. 9403-0882-AGoogle Scholar
  55. Regina v Lisa Colleen Neve. 1999. 137 C.C.C. (3d) 97Google Scholar
  56. Regina v O'Connor. 1993. 22 C.R. (4th) 273 (B.C.C.A.)Google Scholar
  57. Regina v Oliver. 1997. 114 C.C.C. (3d) 50Google Scholar
  58. Renke Wayne N. 1995. ‘Case Comment: Lisa Neve, Dangerous Offender,’Alberta Law Review, 33 (3): 650–676Google Scholar
  59. Schissel, Bernard. 1997.Blaming Children: Youth Crime, Moral Panics and the Politics of Hate. Halifax, Nova Scotia: FernwoodGoogle Scholar
  60. Schur, Edwin M. 1983.Labeling Women Deviant. Philadelphia: Temple University PressGoogle Scholar
  61. Shaw, Margaret and Sheryl Dubois. 1995.Understanding Violence by Women: A Review of the Literature. Ottawa: Correctional Service of Canada, Solicitor General of Canada, FebruaryGoogle Scholar
  62. Simon, Jonathan. 1996. ‘Criminology and the Recidivist,’ Pp. 24–50 in D. Shichor and D. Sechrest (eds.)Three Strikes and You're Out: Vengeance as Public Policy. Thousand Oaks, California: SageGoogle Scholar
  63. Steffensmeier, Darrell J. and Renee Hoffman Steffensmeier. 1980. ‘Trends in Female Delinquency: An Examination of Arrest, Juvenile Court, Self-Report, and Field Data,’Criminology, 18 (1): 62–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Vincent, Isabel. 1998. ‘Teen's Torture Again Reveals Girls' Brutality,’Globe and Mail, January 20, 1998, pp. A1, A5Google Scholar
  65. Wilson, William Julius. 1996.When Work Disappears. New York: Alfred A. KnopfGoogle Scholar
  66. Zinger, Ivan and Adelle Forth. 1998. ‘Psychopathy and Canadian Criminal Proceedings: The Potential for Human Rights Abuses,’Canadian Journal of Criminology, 40 (3): 237–276Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Division on Critical Criminology 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew G. Yeager
    • 1
  1. 1.OttawaCanada

Personalised recommendations