, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 215–225 | Cite as

Roles of Ca2+ in hyphal and yeast-form growth inCandida albicans. Growth regulation by altered extracellular and intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations

  • Shuichi Sakaguchi
  • Kyoko Shibuya
  • Hidetoshi Iida
  • Yasuhiro Anraku
  • Takahito Suzuki
Original Papers


The dimorphic fungusCandida albicans has both a yeast form and a hyphal form. When yeast-form cells were starved and then transferred to aN-acetylglucosamine medium, the formation of true hyphae from the unbudded yeast-form cells was induced. Removal of Ca2+ from the medium with EGTA inhibited hyphal formation by 50%, resulting in only thin and short hyphae. Externally applied excess Ca2+ (>10−2M) also affected the hyphal formation, resulting in formation of pseudohyphae. This effect required a high concentration of Ca2+ but was Ca2+-specific. Deprivation of Ca2+ also inhibited yeast-form growth. Interestingly, such cells had abnormally wide bud necks and became defective in cell separation. To measure cytosolic free Ca2+, fura-2 was introduced into hyphal cells by electroporation. Its normal value was estimated to be about 100 nM. The electroporation caused transient elevation of cytosolic free Ca2+ concentration and transient cessation of hyphal growth. There was a close correlation between the timing of recovery of Ca2+ concentration and that of the resumption of hyphal growth. Our results demonstrate the importance of extracellular and intracellular free Ca2+ for the growth ofC. albicans.

Key words

calcium ion cytokinesis fura-2 probenecid tip growth 


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Copyright information

© The Mycological Society of Japan 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shuichi Sakaguchi
    • 1
  • Kyoko Shibuya
    • 1
  • Hidetoshi Iida
    • 2
    • 3
  • Yasuhiro Anraku
    • 2
    • 4
  • Takahito Suzuki
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological Science, Faculty of ScienceNara Women's UniversityNaraJapan
  2. 2.Division of Cell ProliferationNational Institute for Basic BiologyOkazakiJapan
  3. 3.Department of BiologyTokyo Gakugei UniversityKoganelJapan
  4. 4.Department of Plant Sciences, Graduate School of ScienceUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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