Bulletin of Mathematical Biology

, Volume 55, Issue 4, pp 745–780 | Cite as

Immune network behavior—I. From stationary states to limit cycle oscilations

  • Rob J. De Boer
  • Alan S. Perelson
  • Ioannis G. Kevrekidis


We develop a model for the idiotypic interaction between two B cell clones. This model takes into account B cell proliferation, B cell maturation, antibody production, the formation and subsequent elimination of antibody-antibody complexes and recirculation of antibodies between the spleen and the blood. Here we investigate, by means of stability and bifurcation analysis, how each of the processes influences the model's behavior. After appropriate nondimensinalization, the model consists of eight ordinary differential equations and a number of parameters. We estimate the parameters from experimental sources. Using a coordinate system that exploits the pairwise symmetry of the interactions between two clones, we analyse two simplified forms of the model and obtain bifurcation diagrams showing how their five equilibrium states are related. We show that the so-called immune states lose stability if B cell and antibody concentrations change on different time scales. Additionally, we derive the structure of stable and unstable manifolds of saddle-tye equilibria, pinpoint their (global) bifurcations and show that these bifurcations play a crucial role in determining the parameter regimes in which the model exhibits oscillatory behavior.


Hopf Bifurcation Invariant Manifold Unstable Manifold Pitchfork Bifurcation Global Bifurcation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Society for Mathematical Biology 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rob J. De Boer
    • 1
  • Alan S. Perelson
    • 2
  • Ioannis G. Kevrekidis
    • 3
  1. 1.Theoretical BiologyUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Theoretical DivisionLos Alamos National LaboratoryLos AlamosU.S.A.
  3. 3.Department of Chemical EngineeringPrinceton UniversityPrincetonU.S.A.

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