Scientometrics

, Volume 41, Issue 1–2, pp 255–271 | Cite as

Internationalization of scientific journals: A measurement based on publication and citation scope

  • M. Zitt
  • E. Bassecoulard
Article

Abstract

Although impact factor and related measurements are the best-known features of scientific journals, other characteristics are of particular interest. The way a journal reflects the internationalized nature of science may be determined by many methods, one of which is based on the distribution of authoring and citing countries. This can be systematically measured either by a comparison of these distributions with averages profiles of a discipline or specialty, or by concentration indexes on the other. This paper focuses on the first approach. As the average profile of science drifts with the level of visibility, stratification by impact level is discussed. In this study, experimental internationalization indexes were calculated on the SCI for journals belonging to Earth&Space and Applied Biology. Convergence of measurements (types of indexes, type of normalization, publication vs citation scope) is adressed. Internationalization indexes may have a variety of applications, including characterization of the scientific publishing market and sampling of the SCI for science indicators.

Keywords

Concentration Index Average Profile Internationalization Index Apply Biology Citation Distribution 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    E. Garfield, Citation as a tool in journal evaluation,Science, 178 (4060) (1972) 471–479.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Narin et al.,Evaluative Bibliometrics: the use of publication and citation analysis in the evaluation of scientific activity, Report prepared for the National Science Foundation, Contract NSF C-627, 1976, 456 p.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Katz, D. Hicks, The classification of interdisciplinary journals: a new approach, In:5th International Conference on Scientometrics and Informetrics,M.E.D. Koenig andA. Bookstein (Eds), Learned Information Inc., Medford, 1995, pp. 245–254.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Leydesdorff, S. Cozzens, The delineation of specialties in terms of journals using the dynamic journal set of the SCI,Scientometrics, 26 (1) (1993) 135–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    F. H. Christensen, P. Ingwersen, Online citation analysis. A methodological approach,Scientometrics, 37 (1) (1996) 36–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    G. Sivertsen, Nar er et tidsskrift internatasjonalt, In:Det Vitenskapelige tiddskrift, Gleditsch, TemaNord, 1994, pp. 37–51.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Sigogneau,Approche scientométrique de la définition d'un domaine de recherche par des revues scientifiques, Thèse Information Scientifique et Technique, Université Paris VII, Paris, 1995, 275 p.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Luukkonen, R.J.W. Tijssen, O. Persson, G. Sivertsen, The measurement of international scientific collaboration,Scientometrics, 28 (1) (1993) 15–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    M. Zitt, F. Perrot, R. Barré, The transition from “national” to “transnational” model and related measures of countries performances, to be published inJournal of the American Society for Information Science, November 1997, p. 13.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Braun, E. Bujdoso, Gatekeeping patterns in the publication of analytical chemistry research,Talanta, 30 (3) (1983) 161–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    A. Schubert, W. Glänzel, T. Braun, Scientometrics datafiles. A comprehensive set of indicators on 2649 journals and 96 countries in all major science fields and subfields, 1981–1985,Scientometrics, 16 (1989) 3–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Zitt, E. Bassecoulard, Internationalization of scientific journals: a measurement based on publication and citation scope, In: Proceedings of theSixth Conference of the International Society for Scientometrics and Informetrics,B.C. Peritz andL. Egghe (Eds), The Hebrew University, Jerusalem, 1995, pp. 517–529.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    H. F. Moed, R. E. De Bruin, T. N. Van Leeuwen, New bibliometric tools for the assessment of national research performance: Database description, overview of indicators and first applications,Scientometrics, 33 (3) (1995) 381–422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. Sivertsen, Should a new bibliometric database for international comparisons be more restricted in journal coverage?, In:Science and Technology in a policy context, Selected Proceedings of the Joint EC-Leiden Conference on Science & Technology Indicators, DSWO Press, 1992, pp. 35–50.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Zitt
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. Bassecoulard
    • 1
  1. 1.LERECOINRANantes Cedex 03(France)
  2. 2.Observatoire des Sciences et des Techniques (OST)Paris(France)

Personalised recommendations