Scientometrics

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 107–123 | Cite as

Scientometric studies on chemistry I: The exponential growth of chemical substances, 1800–1995

  • J. Schummer
Article

Abstract

The number of chemical substances is considered as a cumulative measure of the cognitive growth of preparative chemistry. During the past 200 years there is approximately exponential growth without saturation. Separate analysis of organic and inorganic chemistry suggests at least a two-phase model either. Detailed discussion of the results (considering also the growth of chemists, chemical papers, patents, and chemical elements) reveals that an external (socio-economical) explanation is insufficient. Instead, an internal (methodological) approach is suggested to explain the exponential growth as well as balancing phenomena in war and post-war times.

Keywords

Exponential Growth Chemical Substance Chemical Paper Bibliometric Indicator Total Curve 

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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Schummer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PhilosophyUniversity of KarlsruheKarlsruheGermany

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