International Journal of Salt Lake Research

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 211–232 | Cite as

Lake Shira, a Siberian salt lake: ecosystem structure and function

1. Major physico-chemical and biological features
  • Tatyana A. Zotina
  • Alexander P. Tolomeyev
  • Nadezhda N. Degermendzhy


The specific composition, vertical distribution and daily migration of plankton in a meromictic salt lake, Lake Shira, have been investigated. The main structural components of the ecosystem are bacteria, algae and crustaceans. Since the late 1970s, blue-green algae are reported as dominant. Nowadays the phytoplankton is dominated byLyngbya contorta, Microcystis ichtyoblabe (Cyanophyta),Cyclotella tuberculata (Bacillariophyta) andDictyosphaerium tetrachotomum (Chlorophyta). The zooplankton of Lake Shira comprisesArctodiaptomus salinus (Copepoda),Brachionus plicatilis andHexarthra oxiuris (Rotatoria). Investigation revealed a stratified vertical distribution of all dominant species exceptCyclotella with a maximum at a depth of 12–15 m during the summer growth period. Zooplanktons differ in the pattern of distribution and daily migration, but most zooplankton tend to concentrate near the surface. The possible reasons for the vertical distribution of the plankton are discussed.

Key words

bacterioplankton blue-green algae meromictic salt lake phytoplankton vertical structure zooplankton 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tatyana A. Zotina
    • 1
  • Alexander P. Tolomeyev
    • 1
  • Nadezhda N. Degermendzhy
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of BiophysicsSiberian Branch of Russian Academy of SciencesKrasnoyarsk, AkademgorodokRussia
  2. 2.Krasnoyarsk State Medicine AcademyRussia

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