Estimation of pseudopeptide metal ion complexation tendencies by special MS methods, HPCE and circular dichroism
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To obtain more insight into catalytic mechanisms of metallo enzymes and specific metal complexation by proteins we use linear and cyclic pseudopeptides as mimetics. Knowledge about tendencies of complex formation of different ligands with selected transition metal ions is an indispensable prerequisite for the development of homo-and hetero-dinuclear metallo enzyme mimetics. Three pseudotripeptide ligands were investigated with respect to formation tendency and properties of complexes with the transition metal ions Cu2+, Zn2+ Ni2+, Co2+ and Mn2+. To study complexation tendencies we applied different methods. One of the important prerequisites for the application in a secreening of series of peptide ligands is the necessity for a minimal amount of substance. We used and compared certain masspectrometric methods for the estimation of a rank order of complexation of certain transition metal ions. We also applied spectrophotometric titration, circular dichroism measurements, capillary electrophoresis and pH-rate profile of catalytic activity in the attempt to evaluate complex formation tendencies. Except for the spectrophotometric pH-titration and the pH-profile of catalytic activity all methods, were applicable, but each method has its advantages and disadvantages depending on the separation effect of the ligand from the metal complex, and depending on the spectroscopic properties of ligand and complex. The results regarding complex formation are compared to each other. Comparison of pairs by MALDI-TOF-and ESI-MS allows an estimation of the rank order of complexation tendency of one ligand with different metal ions and requires the least amount of substance. The other investigated methods provided additional information on structural properties of the formed complexes; however either they required too much pseudopeptide ligand or were not applicable for all transition metal ions used in this study.
Key wordscapillary electrophoresis circular dichroism complexation complexation tendency mass spectrometry metal ions pseudotripeptides
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