Aerobiologia

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 113–120 | Cite as

Prevalence of fungi in carpeted floor environment: Analysis of dust samples from living-rooms, bedrooms, offices and school classrooms

  • Hugues Beguin
  • Nicole Nolard
Article

Abstract

The results of 100 carpet dust analyses from atopic individuals' environment were compared according to the sampling period or the location. Dust samples were collected with a standard domestic vacuum cleaner, in locations with carpeted floor: in residences (living-room and/or bedroom), in school classrooms and in offices. The quantities of fungi vary from 5000 CFU/g to 66 000 000 CFU/g of dust. More than 100 species were isolated by dilution plating. The main species found in carpet dust wereEurotium repens, Penicillium chrysogenum, Alternaria alternata, Aureobasidium pullulans andPhoma herbarum. Strict xerophilic species were rather rare and detected in small quantities. Differences in the distribution of the CFU concentrations were examined for the four different sampling locations and were statistically significant (P=0.0174). In this study, schools were open spaces, and offices, mostly with air conditioning systems, were locations in which air is not confined. This, added to frequent professional carpet cleaning, probably explains the lowest levels of fungal concentration found in these locations. The majority of the homes had the largest fungal concentration in the living-room (median: 2×105 CFU/g) while some bedrooms (median: 7×104 CFU/g) had the highest concentrations. It is suggested that, when fungi are suspected to be the origin of respiratory allergy or irritating symptoms, the mycoflora of the bedroom, principally, should be investigated first.

Keywords

Fungi Carpet Dust Home Allergy Aerobiology 

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Copyright information

© Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hugues Beguin
    • 1
  • Nicole Nolard
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of MycologyInstitute of Hygiene and EpidemiologyBrusselsBelgium

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