Nontraditional survey methods in hydrotechnical construction search for geopathogenic zones: Biolocation and geophysics
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The cause and effect of the occurrence of channels of vertical circulation of geoenergy (geopathogenic zones) is block and microblock tectonics, which determines the genetic belonging of GPZs of various hierarchical levels to the corresponding ranks of crustal faults \3- from global fractures of the crystalline basement to cracks in the upper part of the lithosphere, which predetermines the prospects of standard geologic and geophysical methods in searching for GPZs of high hierarchical levels. More complex is the problem of diagnosing and evaluating by these method GPZs of the lowest order, because this problem has still not been studied.
The process of vertical circulation of geoenergy in GPZs occurs along the “matrix” of fractures divided into systems with various density and orientation parameters. Inside the system the fracturing parameters are distributed according to a certain law which provides the specific structures of the GPZs according to the principle of “matreshka” [set of nesting dolls] of various sizes embedded one in another. The electromagnetic nature of GPZs obeys laws of harmony, and therefore they are arranged symmetrically according to a system of regular polygons. The term “hierarchical level” or “rank” is applicable for GPZs.
A sharp anomalous difference of gravitational, magnetic, electrical, and other physical fields is characteristic for channels of GPZs of higher and middle ranks, which is the scientific prerequisite for the successful use of geologic\3-geophysical methods in diagnosing GPZs.
It is recommended to evaluate the applicability and resolution of standard geologic—geophysical methods on standard GPZs under field conditions, and on their basis to systematize the methods depending on their applicability for detecting and studying GPZs. Furthermore, a study of physical fields and phenomena in channels of GPZs will make it possible to accelerate reaching the instrument level of diagnosing anomalous zones.
Consequently, a systems approach to the detection and diagnosis of GPZs of all hierarchical levels for various physiographic landscapes was outlined.
To provide environmental safety and service reliability of power facilities and industrial and civil structures it is necessary to work out recommendations on revealing and taking into account anomalous areas when selecting territories for development, which requires the development of methods, programs, and algorithms for computer processing of available geologic\3-geophysical data for purposes of a systems diagnosis of geopathogenic zones when creating topographic plans of territories.
KeywordsHierarchical Level Vertical Electrical Sound Geophysical Method Physical Field Vertical Circulation
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