International Journal of Anthropology

, Volume 20, Issue 1–2, pp 63–75 | Cite as

Dermatoglyphic findings in periodontal diseases

  • Atasu M. 
  • Kuru B. 
  • E. Firatli
  • H. Meriç


The finger-tip palm and sole prints of 13 male and 23 female, a total of 36 patients with juvenile periodontitis (JP) 24 male and 21 female, a total of 45 patients with rapidly progressive periodontitis (RPP) and 19 male and 19 female, a total of 38 patients with adult periodontitis (AP) were compared with those of 17 male and 22 female, a total of 39 periodontally healthy (PH) individuals for the aim of finding a pattern type that would identify those patients. Besides, the finger-tip and palmar patterns of the patients were compared with those of 446 male and 447 female, a total of 833 school children (SC), and the sole patterns of the patients were compared with those of 250 male and 250 female, a total of 500 SC. When, the finger-tip patterns of the patients were compared with those of PH individuals, the decreased frequencies of twinned and transversal ulnar loops on all fingers of the patients with JP, a decreased frequency of double loops on all fingers and an increased frequency of radial loops on the right second digits of the patients with RPP, and the increased frequencies of concentric whorls and transversal ulnar loops on all fingers of the patients with AP, an increased frequency of t″ triradii on the palms of the patients with JP, the increased frequencies of IV and H loops and tb triradii on the palms of the patients with RPP and an increased frequency of e triradii on the soles of the patients with JP were found. In summary, in the light of these findings dermatoglyphics could be used together with the other diagnostic methods such as clinical and radiologic investigations and in the identifying of the patients from distinct groups of PD’s.


Dermatoglyphics Periodontal diseases 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amer A., Singh G., Darke C. & Dolby AE., 1988.Association between HLA antigen and periodontal disease. Tissue Antigens, 31:53–58.Google Scholar
  2. Baer P.N., 1971. The case for periodontitis as a clinical entity. Journal of Periodontology, 42:516–520.Google Scholar
  3. Beaty, T.H., Baughman, J.A., Yang P., Astemborski J.A., & Suzuki T.P. 1987.Genetic analysis of juvenile periodontitis in families ascertained through an affected proband, American Journal of Human Genetics, 40:443–452.Google Scholar
  4. Brumeister A.J., Levin L.S., Hutcherson S.T. & Salinas C.F. 1975.Periodontitis in sibs. Oral Surgery, 39:396–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burmeister J.A., Best AM., Palcanis K.G., Caine F.A., Ranney R.A. 1984.Localized juvenile periodontitis and generalized severe periodontitis. Clinical findings. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 11:181–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Baughman J.A., Haloran S.L., Roulston D., Schwartes, Suzuki J.B., Weitkamp L.R., Wenk A.E., Weitkamp L.A., Wenk R.E., Wooten R. & Cohen M.M. 1986.An autosomal dominat form of juvenile periodontitis localization to chromosome 4 and linkage to dentinogenesis imperfecta and GC. Journal of Craniofacial Genetics and Developmental Biology, 6:341–350.Google Scholar
  7. Carranza F.A. 1990. Glickman’s Clinical Periodontology, 7th ed. W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia. London. Toronto. Montreal. Sydney. Tokyo, 203.Google Scholar
  8. Caton J. 1989. Word Workshop in Clinical Periodontics: Report of section on periodontal diagnosis and diagnostic aids. Princeton NC. 1–12.Google Scholar
  9. Chung C.S., Kau M.C.W., Chung S.S.C. & Schendel S.A., 1977.A genetic and epidemiologic study of periodontal disease in Hawaii. I. Racial and other epidemiologc factors. Journal of Periodontal Research, 12:148–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chung C.S., Kau M.C.W., Chung S.S.C. & Rao D.C., 1977.A genetic and epidemiologic study of periodontal disease in Hawai. II. Genetic and environmental influence. American Journal of Human Genetics, 29:76–82.Google Scholar
  11. Cummins H. & Midlo C., 1961.Finger Prints, Palms and Soles. Dower Publications. New York, 55–66, 74–78, 108.Google Scholar
  12. Cutres T.W., Powell R.N. & Ball M.E., 1982.Differing profiles of periodontaj disease in two similar South Pacific Island populations. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 10:193–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. David T.J. 1971.The palmar axial triradius t. A new method of location. Human Heredity, 21:624–627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Emslie A.D. 1966.Periodontal disease in Tropical Africa. Paradontopathies, 18:26–33.Google Scholar
  15. Ford-Walker N. 1957.Inkless methods of finger palm and sole printing. Journal of Pediatrics, 50:27–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Galton F., 1892. Fingerprints. Mac Millan. London and New York.Google Scholar
  17. Gorlin R.J., Stallard R.E. & Shapiro B.L., 1967.Genetics and periodontal disease. Journal of Periodontology, 38:5–10.Google Scholar
  18. Grant D.A., Stern I.R., Listgarten M.A. 1988. Periodontics 6th ed. C.V. Mosby Co. St. Louis. Washington. Toronto, 562–565.Google Scholar
  19. Henry E.A., 1928. Classification and Uses of Fingerprints. 6th ed. Hm Stationary Office. London.Google Scholar
  20. Hormand J. & Frandsen A., 1979.Juvenile periodontitis: Localization of bone loss in relation to age, sex and teeth. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 6:407–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Lestange M., 1953.Recherches critiques sur les methodes do notation des dessins papillaires digitaux. L’Anthropohogie (Paris), 57:240–271.Google Scholar
  22. Liljenberg B. & Lindhe J., 1980.Juvenile periodontitis: Some microbiological, histopathological and clinical characteristics. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 7:48–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Manson J.D. & Lehner T., 1974.Clinical features of juvenile periodontitis (periodontosis). Journal of Periodontal Research, 16:403–416.Google Scholar
  24. Mc Kusick V.A., 1988. Mendelian Inheritance In Man. 8th ed. Baltimore. The Johns Hopkins University Press Okras S., 1965. The heredity of papillary patterns. Budapest. Academia i Kiado.Google Scholar
  25. Page R.C., Altman L.C., Ebersole J.L., Wandesteen G.E., Dahlberg W.H., Williams B.L., Osterberg S.K., 1983.Rapidly progressive periodontitis: A distinct clinical condition. Journal of Periodontology, 54:197–209.Google Scholar
  26. Penrose L.S. & Loesch D., 1964.Dermatoglyphic sole patterns: A new attempt a classification. Human Biology, 41:427–488.Google Scholar
  27. Penrose L.S., 1968. Memorandum on dermatoglyphic vomenclature. Birth Defects. Original Article Series, IV; 1–13.Google Scholar
  28. Penrose L.S., & Loesch D., 1970.Topological classification of palmar dermatoglyphics. Journal of Mentally Deficiency Research, 14:111–120.Google Scholar
  29. Ranney R.A., Ruddy S., Tev J.G., Welsheimer H.J., 1981.Immunological studies of young adults with severe periodontitis. I. Medical evaluation and humoral factors Journal of Periodontal Research, 16:403–416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Roulston D., Schwartz S., Cohen M.M., Suzuki J.B., Weitkamp L.R., Boughman J.A., 1984.Linkage analysis of dentinogenesis imperfacta and juvenile periodontitis: Creating a 5 point map of 49. American Journal of Human Genetics, 37 A206.Google Scholar
  31. Russel, A.L., 1967.Epidemiology of periodontal disease. International Dental Journal, 17:282–296.Google Scholar
  32. Saxen L., 1980.Heredity of juvenile periodontitis. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 7:276., 288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Saxen, L., Murtomaa H., 1985.Age-related expression of juvenile periodontitis. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 12:21–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Schluger S., Youdelis, R., Page R.C., Johnson A.H., 1990.Periodontal Diseases. 2nd ed. Lea and Febriger. Philadelphia, London, 53–68.Google Scholar
  35. Sofaer J.A., 1990.Genetic approaches in the study of periodontal diseases. Journal of Clinical Repiorontology, 17:401–408.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Van Dyke T.E., Scweinebraten M., Cainciola L.J., Offen backer 5., Genco R.J., 1985.Neutrophil hemotaxis in families with localized juvenile periodontitis. Journal of Periodontal Research, 20:503–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Yilmaz 5., Atasu M., Kuru B., 1993.A genetic and dermatoglyphic study on periodontitis. Journal of Marmara University Dental Faculty, 1:297–306.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Institute for the Study of Man 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Atasu M. 
    • 1
  • Kuru B. 
    • 2
  • E. Firatli
    • 3
  • H. Meriç
    • 3
  1. 1.Division of Medical GeneticsMarmara University Faculty of Dentistry Güzelbahçe BüyükçiftlikIstanbulTurkey
  2. 2.Department of PeriodontologyMarmara University, Faculty of Dentistry Güzelbahçe BüyükçiftlikIstanbulTurkey
  3. 3.Department of PeriodontologyIstanbul University, Faculty of Dentistry Vakif GurabaIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations