Pathological traits observed in a historic Great Basin Native American Indian Skeleton
- 1 Downloads
During the excavation of an irrigation ditch in Churchill County, Nevada, a burial was encountered, with associated artifacts indicative of historical provenience. The pattern of occlusal attrition, the lack of dental work, and the skeletal morphology indicate the individual was a Great Basin Native American Indian. Sex determination was female and age at death estimated as 40±.
The skeleton is nearly complete and several of the long bones, as well as the vertebrae, scapulae, sternum and xiphoid process have minor pathologies, either osteophytic growths or areas of porosities and pitted appearances. The left sacroiliac joint is extensively affected by an unusual pathology, with the auricular surfaces of both the sacrum and ilium having a scooped out or hollowed appearance. Although the other pathologies are interpreted as being related to both age and possibly the lifestyle of a female Great Basin Indian during historic times, the sacroiliac pathological condition is construed as a manifestation of a more severe affliction.
Key wordsPathologies Great Basin Historic Indian
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Bass W. M., 1987.Human Osteology: A Laboratory and Field Manual of the Human Skeleton. 2nd Edition. Missouri Archaeological Society, University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri.Google Scholar
- Bennett G. A., 1961. In: W. A. D. Anderson, ed.Pathology, 4th Edition: 1246–1263. Mosby, St. Louis.Google Scholar
- Galliher M., 1978.Anthropometry and Paleodemography of Selected Great Basin Sites. UNLV M.A. dissertation.Google Scholar
- Green Sheldon M. D., 1983. Pathologyst, Clark Country Coroner Office, Las Vegas, Nevada, Personal Communication.Google Scholar
- Hoffman Michael M. D., 1988. Palaeopathologist, Colorado College, Colorado College, Colorado, Personal Communication.Google Scholar
- Shands R. A. &Raney R. B. 1957.Handbook of Orthopedic Surgery, 5th edition, Mosby, St. Louis.Google Scholar
- Stark C., 1983.The Determination of Variation in Skeletal Remains in Nevada through the Use of Discrete Morphological Traits and Anthropometry. UNLV M.A. dissertation.Google Scholar