Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing

, Volume 15, Issue 5, pp 573–574 | Cite as

Low-frequency 4-probe impedance measuring system

  • Mark H. Polczynski
  • Martin A. Seitz
Technical Note

Keywords

Impedance Plot Input Amplifier Internal Oscillator Bipolar Membrane Princeton Apply Research Model 

References

  1. Coster, H. G. L. (1973) The double fixed charge membrane: low frequency dielectric dispersion.Biophys. J.,13, 118–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Falk, G. andFatt, P. (1964) Linear electrical properties of striated muscle fibers observed with intracellular electrodes.Proc. Roy. Soc. B 160, 69–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Schwan, H. P. (1957) Electrical properties of tissue and cell suspensions. InAdvances in biological and medical physics,Lawerence,J. H. andTobias,C. A. (eds.), Vol. 5, 147–209. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Simons, R. (1974) A theory for the frequency dependence of the complex admittance of bipolar membranes.J. Memb. Biol. 16, 175–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Stanko, J. A. (1976) Controllable current source eliminates matched resistors,Electronics,49, 1, 108.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Federation for Medical & Biological Engineering 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark H. Polczynski
    • 1
  • Martin A. Seitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringMarquette UniversityMilwaukeeUSA

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